Still today, in South Korea, many people pay for the services of mudang - the intermediaries of Korea's syncretic folk religion. The majority of mudang are called to the profession by gods; their clients are individuals or small groups and they focus on the use of spirit-power ('possession') for diagnosis and problem-solving. There is, however, a tiny minority of mudang who are born or adopted into the ritual life and who have no spirit-power. These ritualists perform in large family groups, conducting rituals for whole communities. They focus far more on the use of music, dance, and song to provide healing experiences. In this book, Simon Mills provides an in-depth analysis of the East Coast hereditary mudang institution and its rhythm-oriented music, focusing particularly on the Kim family of mudang - the government-appointed 'cultural assets' for the genre. It is the first English language book to study this tradition in any depth, using materials from fieldwork (1999-2000) alongside interviews with two key family members, Kim Junghee and Jo Jonghun. Throughout, Mills includes numerous quotes from the ritualists themselves to help reveal their characters, opinions and beliefs. He documents the family's history, the decline of the hereditary mudang institution and its kinship customs, and the family's changing relations towards 'outsiders'. Mills also details ritual procedures, musical structures, playing techniques, instruments, and learning methods both of the past and present; as non-ritual musicians become increasingly aware of the powerful ritual rhythms, the music is finding new life in non-ritual settings. A 5-track CD featuring Kim, Jo, and Mills accompanies the book, each track corresponding to the equivalent chapter in the text.
Table of Contents
Contents: Turonggaengi - Who are the East Coast hereditary mudang?; P'unori - Musical practice in ritual; 'Chiokka / Hell song' - The afterlife, gods, ghosts, and belief; Samojang - Learning ritual music; Otch'ongbae - From the past into the future; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
’... an important addition to the growing body of work in English on Korean Shamanism, contemporary traditional culture, and ritual music.’ Journal of Folklore Research ’The recordings on the CD are fantastic, and could easily have been brought out as an album on their own...’ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies ’... wonderful...’ Acta Koreana ’The nature of some parts of the book may make them of interest mainly to specialists, but the rest is easily accessible to anybody interested in shamanism and folk religion and therefore eminently useful to comparative religionists.’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society ’For the field of ethnomusicology in general, and Korean musicology more centrally, this book heralds the successful synthesis of the study of culture with musical analysis. Mentors’ voices are seamlessly woven into the narrative as a kind of counterpoint to Mills’ own voice and presence, creating the overall effect of an extended conversation between intimate friends. This deep care and respect on Mills’ part is further felt in his balanced and sympathetic account of this Korean belief system and those who embrace it. I have long waited to read about the inner workings of the east coast hereditary shamans, and in this work I have been both satisfied and deeply impressed.’ Ethnomusicology Forum