Featuring a pragmatic approach to coping with the legal complications surrounding pretrial release, drug-related crime, and freedom of religion, among other issues, this timely reference presents a host of legal policy problems in diverse political and cultural settings throughout the world. Contributors bridge the academic gulf between worldwide and public policy studies, as well as the ideological gap between liberal and conservative attitudes toward constitutional law, individual liberty, public safety, and human rights. The authors emphasize the need for an integrated, "one-world" perspective in the international legal community, drawing on over 1200 references, tables, and illustrations.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Africa legal policy: citizen participation through small group activities - the possibilities for community policing in South Africa; comparative and international law in South Africa since apartheid. Part 2 Asia legal policy: the public prosecutor in Japan - criminal law in Japan and the rights of the accused -yet to strike a balance?; fingerprinting under the alien registration law of Japan - struggle for its liberal reform; legal refom and minority rights in China; legal aid practices and human rights in China; regulating AIDS-causing sexual behaviour in India by imaginative use of law; constitution and institutions in the Republic of Belau. Part 3 Europe legal policy: new times - a new paradigm - mapping the interactions of the legal system, judges, lawyers and regime changes in post-Community Europe; creating the institutions for a law-governed state - the constitutional politics of Bulgaria's Grand National Assembly; judicial activism in Western Europe; the influence of expert and non-expert members of juries - the Spanish jury as an illustration; the judges of the English Court of Appeal - public law decision-making characteristics and chances of promotion to the House of Lords; child support as an effect of the divorce in Portugal and Europe; three ways to fight the drug problem - new approaches in the Dutch drug policy; media concentration and law - new developments in Germany and the European Community. Part 4 Latin and North America legal policy: the judiciary, democracy and economic policy in Brazil; two models of Brazilian legal services; three strikes sentencing - consequences and policy implications; community policing, equity and drug enforcement - towards a consideration of public health strategies; a war on drugs or a war on minorities?; panacea or palliative? an analysis of the National Policy Corps Programme; a challenge to reform - how competing views of children's nature have influenced the United States Supreme Court's determination of the legal status of accused juveniles; domestic implications of terrorism in the United States - 1972-1990; enforcing liberalism - liberal responses to illiberal groups.