Nowadays, rights are frequently ascribed to groups distinguished by their nationality, culture, religion or language. Rights are also commonly ascribed to institutionalised groups, such as states, businesses, trade unions and private associations. Yet the ascription of rights to groups remains deeply controversial. Many people reject the very idea of group rights. Amongst those who do not, there is radical disagreement about which sorts of group might possess rights and why. Some believe that group rights threaten the freedom and well-being of individuals, while others argue that the rights of groups can complement them. Some claim that group rights can also be human rights; others find that claim incoherent. The contributions making up this volume wrestle with these and many other of the issues that surround group rights. This volume brings together twenty-four of the journal articles that have contributed most significantly to contemporary thinking on group rights.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Part I Understanding Group Rights: The Rights of Groups as Moral Entities: The corporation as a moral person, Peter A. French; The moral significance of collective entities, Keith Graham; Collective interests and collective rights, Dwight G. Newman; Should communities have rights? Reflections on liberal individualism, Michael McDonald. The Shared Rights of a Group's Members: Group rights and group oppression, Peter Jones; Collective rights, Seumas Miller; Group rights and social ontology, Carol C. Gould; Two views of collective rights, Leslie Green. Part II Group Rights and Collective Goods: Individuals, groups, and rights to public goods, Denise Réaume; Do we have a right to common goods?, Andrei Marmor. Part III Scepticism About Group Rights: Can groups be persons?, Andrew Vincent; Collective rights?, Jan Narveson; Some confusions concerning collective rights, Michael Hartney; Are there any cultural rights?, Chandran Kukathas. Part IV Group Rights, Individual Rights and Human Rights: 'Mistresses of their own destiny': group rights, gender, and realistic rights of exit, Susan Moller Okin; Can collective and individual rights coexist?, Leighton McDonald; Collective rights and individual autonomy, Steven Wall; Are there collective human rights?, Michael Freeman; Group rights, human rights and citizenship, David Miller. Part V Applications: National self-determination, Avishai Margalit and Joseph Raz; The good, the bad, and the intolerable: minority group rights, Will Kymlicka; The logic of aboriginal rights, Duncan Ivison; Language laws and collective rights, Nathan Brett; Collective rights in the liberal state, John Edwards; Name Index.