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Groundwater Geochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination examines the integral role geochemistry play s in groundwater monitoring and remediation programs, and presents it at a level understandable to a wide audience. Readers of all backgrounds can gain a better understanding of geochemical processes and how they apply to groundwater systems.
The text begins with an explanation of fundamental geochemical processes, followed by a description of the methods and tools used to understand and simulate them. The book then explains how geochemistry applies to contaminant mobility, discusses remediation system design, sampling program development, and the modeling of geochemical interactions. This clearly written guide concludes with specific applications of geochemistry to contaminated sites.
This is an ideal choice for readers who do not have an extensive technical background in aqueous chemistry, geochemistry, or geochemical modeling. The only prerequisite is a desire to better understand natural processes through groundwater geochemistry.
Table of Contents
GROUNDWATER GEOCHEMISTRY FUNDAMENTALS The Aquifer Geochemical System Groundwater Solution Chemical Reactions and the Equilibrium Constant Soil/Rock Composition Water/Rock Processes Controlling Solution Composition Solution, Redox, and Gas Exchange Processes Aqueous Complexation Oxidation/Reduction Processes Solution/Gas Interactions Water/Rock Interactions Adsorption/Desorption Mineral Precipitation/Dissolution Reaction Rates Development of Conceptual Geochemical Models Modeling Data Requirements Elements of a Conceptual Model Geochemical Modeling Methods Computer Codes for Geochemical Modeling Mass Balance Modeling Codes Equilibrium Speciation/Solubility Modeling Codes Equilibrium Mass Transfer Modeling Codes Mass Transport Geochemical Modeling Limitations GENERAL GEOCHEMICAL APPLICATIONS Geochemical Models Mobility of Iron in the Natural Environment Modeling Calcite Mineral Precipitation in Response to Groundwater Heating Modeling the Aeration of Groundwater Geochemistry of Contaminant Mobility Contaminant-Induced Disequilibrium Solubility Limits on Contaminant Concentration in Groundwater Mineral Equilibria of Contaminants Adsorption/Desorption Impact on Contaminant Migration Contaminant Migration Summary Geochemistry of Restoration Natural Restoration Geochemical Principles of Aquifer Restoration Applied Restoration Techniques Geochemical Enhancements to Pump-and-Treat Restoration Simulating the Geochemistry of Restoration Geochemistry and the Design of Sampling Programs Temperature Hydrogen Ion Activity (pH) Redox Potential (Eh) Dissolved Gases Alkalinity Major Cation and Anions Minor and Trace Dissolved Constituents Reactive Solid Phases APPLICATIONS OF GEOCHEMISTRY TO SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTAMINANTS AND CONTAMINATED ENVIRONMENTS Practical Applications: Landfills Geochemical Environment Sampling Considerations Geochemical Reaction Modeling Contaminant Mobility Remediation Practical Applications: Metals Contamination Geochemical Environment Sampling Considerations Geochemical Reaction Modeling Contaminant Mobility Remediation Geochemistry of Acid Mine Waste Acid-Generating and -Neutralizing Processes Acidic Environments Sampling Considerations Geochemical Modeling Contaminant Transport Remediation Geochemistry of Organic Compound Contamination Representative Types of Organic Contamination Sampling Considerations Geochemical Modeling Contaminant Transport Remediation Appendix A: Solid Phases that Limit Groundwater Concentrations Index
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