This comprehensive reference describes investigations of the fate of toxic chemicals emanating from hazardous waste sites and contaminating groundwater, discussing the hydrogeochemistry at US, Canadian, Australian, and German sites to reflect the different approaches used around the world.;Written by over 30 international experts in the field, Groundwater Contamination and Analysis at Hazardous Waste Sites: presents case histories spanning 30 years of activities by the United States Geological Survey's Organics in Water project, including studies of pesticide, munition, and wood preservative residues contaminating groundwater; outlines the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's SW-846 methods of analysis for groundwater samples taken at hazardous waste sites; details the analytical requirements for qualitative surveys, regulatory compliance, and research programs; examines the use of statistics at site investigations and waste disposal facilities as well as data interpretation techniques such as multivariate plots; covers the application of a portable gas chromatograph in studying a vapor-phase plume of trichloroethylene, giving tips about problems that may lead to variability in the data; and explores dense nonaqueous-phase liquid dissolution using Raoult's law, biotransformation of the dissolved constituents, and their sorption to aquifer materials.;Extensively illustrated with more than 250 figures, tables, and display equations, Groundwater Contamination and Analysis at Hazardous Waste Sites is a practical tool for pollution control and environmental engineers, hydrogeologists, analytical chemists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Analytical methodologies: practical organic analytical chemistry for hazardous waste site investigations, Suzanne Lesage and Richard E. Jackson; nonpriority pollutant analysis and interpretation, Kathleen C. Swallow; establishing an analytical protocol for the measurement of EPA's appendix IX list of compounds, Jerry Parr et al; hierarchical analytical approach to evaluating the transport and bio-geochemical fate of organic compounds in sewage-contaminated groundwater, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Larry B. Barber-II; application of soil-gas sampling technology to studies of trichloroethylene vapor transport in the unsaturated zone, Bernadette M. Hughes et al. Part 2 Monitoring strategies: field monitoring for polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon contamination, Terri L. Bulman; the importance of volatile organic compounds as a disposal site monitoring parameter, Russell H. Plumb-Jr.; an overview of statistical methods for groundwater detection monitoring at waste disposal facilities, Robert D. Gibbons; geochemistry of groundwater pollutants at German waste disposal sites, Helmut Kerndorff et al; detection and evaluation of groundwater contamination caused by waste sites, Ruprecht Schleyer et al. Part 3 Site investigations: a review of studies of contaminated groundwater conducted by the U.S. geological survey organics project, Menlo Park, California, 1961-1990, Donald F. Goerlitz; pollution of groundwater by organic compounds leached from domestic solid wastes: a case study from Morley, Western Australia, Chris Barber et al; developing methods for the analysis of toxic chemicals in soil and groundwater: the case of Ville Mercier, Quebec, Canada, Hooshang Pakdel et al. Part 4 Geochemical investigations: the determination and fate of unstable constituents of contaminated groundwater, Mary Jo Baedecker and Isabelle M. Cozzarelli; the dissolution of dense immiscible solvents into groundwater - implications for site characterization and remediation, Richard L. Johnson; geochemical evaluation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in groundwater, Stanley Feenstra; estimating the fate and mobility of CFC-113 in groundwater - results from the Gloucester landfill project, Richard E. Jackson, et al.