Ground Improvement, Third Edition

Klaus Kirsch, Alan Bell

November 26, 2012 by CRC Press
Reference - 511 Pages - 331 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9780415599214 - CAT# Y111712


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  • Outlines the historical development of the methods, theoretical bases, design concepts, and a range of applications
  • Covers all the major ground improvement methods: vibro compaction and vibro replacement, dynamic compaction, prefabricated vertical drains, permeation grouting and jet grouting, soil fracture grouting and compaction grouting, and wet and dry soil mixing
  • Includes numerous examples of applications and case histories
  • Presents an updated edition of a book already in use by contractors and engineers in industry worldwide and in higher education by geotechnical and environmental engineering students

New in this edition:

  • Provides an update of the most important ground improvement techniques
  • Includes new case histories from every continent
  • Contains a new introductory chapter with background on the processes and outlines of two less common techniques—freezing and blasting


When finding another location, redesigning a structure, or removing troublesome ground at a project site are not practical options, prevailing ground conditions must be addressed. Improving the ground—modifying its existing physical properties to enable effective, economic, and safe construction—to achieve appropriate engineering performance is an increasingly successful approach. This third edition of Ground Improvement provides a comprehensive overview of the major ground improvement techniques in use worldwide today. Written by recognized experts who bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to bear on their contributions, the chapters are fully updated with recent developments including advancements in equipment and methods since the last edition.

The text provides an overview of the processes and the key geotechnical and design considerations as well as equipment needed for successful execution. The methods described are well illustrated with relevant case histories and include the following approaches:

  • Densification using deep vibro techniques or dynamic compaction
  • Consolidation employing deep fabricated drains and associated methods
  • Injection techniques, such as permeation and jet grouting, soil fracture grouting, and compaction grouting
  • New in-situ soil mixing processes, including trench-mixing TRD and panel-mixing CSM approaches

The introductory chapter touches on the historical development, health and safety, greenhouse gas emissions, and two less common techniques: blasting and the only reversible process, ground freezing. This practical and established guide provides readers with a solid basis for understanding and further study of the most widely used processes for ground improvement. It is particularly relevant for civil and geotechnical engineers as well as contractors involved in piling and ground engineering of any kind. It would also be useful for advanced graduate and postgraduate civil engineering and geotechnical students.

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