Genetic engineering suggests new avenues for constructing useful products, but it also poses hazards to the health of the environment and the public. Delineating those hazards is complicated, difficult, and important at every level of risk assessment and risk management decision-making. Risk assessment and risk management may be further complicated by the need to discover more detailed information than is usually available.
Genetically Engineered Organisms: Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects gives credence to good science and to the notion that we do not have to argue about the ecological and human health effects of genetic engineering. Instead, it supports the position that we can undertake the painstaking science necessary to identify and understand those effects.
Written by researchers who have done cutting edge research in disciplines such as botany, entomology, plant pathology, and other agricultural and environmental sciences, this book elaborates critical research on pollen movement, spread of transgenes in natural communities, fitness effects, resistance development, and unpredicted impacts on target and non-target organisms. These topics are explored in contexts ranging from Bt corn events and viral resistant oats to transgenic salmon and altered malarial vectors. Many chapters address theoretical and informational gaps that research presents to questions of biosafety, and some offer historical insights into factors that may affect risk assessment and risk management decision-making at the community, national, and international levels.
Table of Contents
Variability and Uncertainty in Crop-to-Wild Hybridization. Factors Affecting the Spread of Resistant Arabidopsis Thaliana Populations. Bt Crops, Resisting Resistance to Bt Corn. Ecological Risks of Transgenic Virus-Resistant Crops. Impacts of Genetically-Engineered Crops on Non-Target Herbivores: Bt-Corn and Monarch Butterflies as a Case Study. Transgenic Host Plant Resistance and Non-Target Effects. Release, Persistence, and Biological Activity in Soil of Insecticidal Proteins from Bacillus Thuringiensis. Survival, Persistence, Transfer, The Spread of Genetic Constructs in Natural Insect Populations. Ecological and Community Considerations in Engineering Arthropods to Suppress Vector-Borne Disease. Environmental Risks of Genetically Engineered Vaccines. Methods to Assess Ecological Risks of Transgenic Fish Releases. Controversies in Designing Useful Ecological Assessments of Genetically Engineered Organisms.