Outlining successful breeding techniques to augment the yields of the world's major crops, this reference analyzes the physiological and genetic basis for past and potential future increases in crop yields.;Covering crops with wide differences in morphology, photosynthetic rates, and nitrogen metabolisms, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops: investigates the changes produced by breeders in the physiological attributes affecting wheat grain yield and nitrogen content during the last century; discusses those crop characteristics of oats that have already been altered or might be manipulated through breeding to further increase yield potential; describes several genetic factors responsible for both yield potential and stress resistance in barley; offers insights into the relationship between increases in the yield potential and stress tolerance of corn; examines the evolution of sunflower crop yields and yield stability and estimates the contribution of improved cultivars; evaluates the effects of breeding on tuber characteristics related to the crop growth and yield of the potato; elucidates the possibilities for simultaneous improvement of yield and fiber strength in cotton; and identifies the features to be considered in the development of high yielding varieties of rice for different agricultural systems.;Providing nearly 1600 key literature citations allowing further in-depth study of particular topics, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops is for plant physiologists and breeders, crop and agricultural scientists, agronomists, biochemists, geneticists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Table of Contents
Increases in grain yield in bread wheat from breeding and associated physiological changes, Gustavo A. Slafer et al; productivity of oats - genetic gains and associated physiological changes, Pirjo Peltonen-Sainio; progress in barley breeding, Luigi Cattivelli, et al; physiological basis of the genetic improvement of corn, Matthijs Tollenaar et al; genetic improvement in soybean - physiological attributes, James R. Frederick and John D. Hesketh; physiological characteristics related to yield improvement in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), Victor O. Sadras and Francisco J. Villolobos; genetic contributions to yield in cotton, Thomas W. Culp; genetic improvement and associated physiological changes in the potato, Daniel O. Caldiz; genetic improvement in physiological traits of rice yield, Mohammad Ashraf et al.