Why do women live longer than men? Does ownership of paired X chromosomes confer more prolonged survival on females, or is the gender difference in life-expectancy a cumulative consequence of differing life experiences for women and men? The areas of gender differences in aging, functional capacity, and the response to physical activity have often been the basis for speculation rather than informed judgment.
Gender, Physical Activity, and Aging draws upon the sound knowledge base of leading investigators to provide objective, evidence-based evaluations of particular facets of the aging process. Focusing on gender differences, it examines the rate of aging, loss of functional capacity, disability, and the quality of life among the elderly and presents evidence of potential modification through physical activity and lifestyle.
Table of Contents
Technical Problems in Comparing Data for Male and Female Subjects, Roy J. Shephard
Physical Activity Patterns, Assessment, and Motivation in Older Adults, Sara Wilcox, Catrine E. Tudor-Locke, and Barbara E. Ainsworth
Constitution or Environment? The Basis of Regional and Ethnic Differences in the Interactions Between Gender, Age and Functional Capacity, Roy J. Shephard
Limitations to Oxygen Transport with Aging, Jack R. Goodman and Scott W. Thomas
Physical Activity, Fitness and Gender in Relation to Morbidity, Survival, Quality of Life and Independence in Older Age, Donald H. Paterson and Liza Stathokostas
Aging of the Neuromuscular System: Influences of Gender and Physical Activity, Charles L. Rice and David A. Cunningham
Aging and Sarcopenia: Influences of Gender and Physical Activity, Mark A. Tarnopolsky and Gianni Parise
Aging, Gender and Susceptibility to Muscle Damage and Overtraining, Peter M. Tiidus
Aging of Joints and Skeletal System: Influence of Gender and Physical Activity, Charlotte F. Sanborn and Maureen J. Simmonds
Aging, Obesity, and Metabolic Regulation: Influence of Gender and Physical Activity, Wendy M. Kohrt
Aging of Immune and Humoral Responses, S. Shinkai
Conclusions: Implications for Health and Society, Roy J. Shephard
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Dr. R.J. Shephard is Professor Emeritus of Applied Physiology in the Faculty of Physical Education & Health and the Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto. He holds four scientific and medical degrees from London University (B.Sc., M.B.B.S., Ph.D. and M.D.) and honorary doctorates from Gent University, Belgium and the Université de Montréal. He is a former president of the Canadian Association of Sports Sciences and a former president of the American College of Sports Medicine. Dr. Shephard's research has covered many facets of sport, fitness, exercise and environmental physiology, biochemistry and immunology. In addition to being the former editor-in-chief of a variety of sports medicine journals, he is author, contributor, or editor of some 100 books and over 1400 scientific papers on related issues.