February 19, 2019 Forthcoming
Reference - 272 Pages
ISBN 9780415610605 - CAT# Y113728
Series: Routledge Research on Gender in Asia Series
This book explores the relationship between the state, development policy, and gender (in)equality in India. It discusses the formation of state policy on gender and development in India in the post-1990 period throughă€€three key organising concepts of institutions, discourse and agency. The bookă€€pays particular attention to whether the international policy language of gender mainstreaming has been adopted by the Indian state, and if so, to what extent and with what results. The author examines how these issues play out at multiple levels of governance â€“ at both the national and the subnational (state) level in federal India. This comparative aspect is particularly important in the context of increasing autonomy in development policy-making in India in the 1990s, divergent development policy approaches and outcomes among states, and the emergingă€€importance of subnational state development policies and programs for women in this period.
The author argues that the state is not a monolith but a heterogeneous, internally differentiated collection of institutions, which offers complex and varying opportunities and consequences for feminists engaging the state. Demonstrating that the Indian empirical case is illuminating for studies of the gendered politics of development, and international debates onă€€gender mainstreaming, the book highlights the politics of negotiating gender equality strategies in the contemporary context of neo-liberal development, and brings together complex issues of modernity, postcolonialism, identity politics, federalism,ă€€and equality within the broader context of the worldâ€™s largest democracy.
This book will be of interest to scholars interested in the politics of gender equality, state feminism, and gender mainstreaming; federalism andă€€multi-level governance;ă€€development studies and gender in South Asia.
1 Introduction, 2 Gender, Development, and the State in India: Debates and Perspectives, 3 Mapping National Planning Policy Since 1990, 4 Gender Mainstreaming and the State in India: National Initiatives, 5 Subnational Policy in Context: a Profile of Two Indian States, 6 Gendered Institutional Contexts: State-Level Machineries? 7 Gendered Discourses of Development in Two Indian States, 8 Gendered Developmental Subjectivities: Actors, Agency and Gender Mainstreaming, 9 Conclusion