The task of researching gangs is fraught with difficulties, central to which are issues of definition and reliance on certain forms of data for analyses. These methodological issues have been acknowledged as limitations in most of the existing research, but they have not been explored as being potentially serious flaws contributing to the proliferation of myth, or as aggravating factors that exacerbate what is essentially a relatively uncomplicated social process. Also unclear from existing studies is the extent to which suppositions about gangs feed moral panics or contribute to the misidentification or over-specification of a problem. This captivating volume focuses on gangs, their formation, identity and behaviour with a view to developing a preventive strategy.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction. Theory and Concepts: Social structure and anomie, Robert K. Merton; Lower class culture as a generating milieu of gang delinquency, Walter B. Miller; The delinquent gang as a near group, Lewis Yablonsky;Groups, gangs and cohesiveness, Malcolm W. Klein and Lois Y. Crawford; Criminal business organizations, street gangs and 'wanna-be' groups: a Vancouver perspective, Robert M. Gordon. The History and Development of Gangs: American gangs and British subcultures: a comparison, Anne Campbell, Steven Munce and John Galea ; American gangs and British Subcultures: a commentary, R.G. Whitfield; 'Hanging around the street': Australian rockers, sharpies and skinheads of the 1960s and early 1970s, Judith Bessant; Street gang migration: how big a threat?, Cheryl L. Maxson, Kristi J. Woods and Malcolm W. Klein; Youth gangs, masculinity and violence in late Victorian Manchester and Salford, Andrew Davies; Defensive localism in white and black: a comparative history of European-American and African-American youth gangs, Christopher Adamson ; Middle Eastern appearances: 'ethnic gangs', moral panic and media framing, Scott Poynting, Greg Noble and Paul Tabar. Gangs and Crime: Honor, normative ambiguity and gang violence, Ruth Horowitz and Gary Schwartz; Community tolerance of gang violence, Ruth Horowitz; Niche crime: the Columbus Gang study, Jacqueline L. Schneider; Gangs, gang homicides, and gang loyalty: organized crimes or disorganized criminals, Scott H. Decker and G. David Curry; Serious youth gun offenders and the epidemic of youth violence in Boston, Anthony A. Braga. Drugs and Gangs: The social organization of drug use and drug dealing among urban gangs, Jeffrey Fagan; 'Rack', street gangs, and violence, Malcolm W. Klein, Cheryl L. Maxson and Lea C. Cunningham; Neighborhoods, markets, and gang drug organization, John M. Hagendorn. Girls and Gangs: Girls talk: the social representation of aggression by female gang members, Anne Campbell; Girls, gangs a