Geographic Information Systems are computer-based systems for geographic analysis. They have been developed over the past twenty five years and are now widely used. A recent research direction has been the development of geocomputation , representing computer-based geographical analysis beyond the traditional bounds of GIS.
In geocomputation, the computer is the research environment itself, not merely a tool. A key to geocomputation it that highly powered computing can be used with sufficient data to avaid traditional parametric approaches altogether. The term geocomputation includes the use of computer-based techniques such as artificial neural networks, genetic programming and fuzzy logic, but in a geographical context.
This new book in the prestigious Innovations in GIS series, presents the latest research in geocomputational techniques as presented in the GIS UK Annual Conference.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Preface. Contributors. 1. Introduction - Pete Atkinson and David Martin. Modelling Space-Time and Cyberspace 2. Telegeocomputing - R. Laurini. 3. Five questions to answer in time: a critical survey of approaches to modelling in a spatio-temporal GIS - B.A. El-Geresy and C.B. Jones. 4. A respresentation of relationships in temporal space - C. Claramunt and B. Jiang. 5. Multi-agent simulation: new approaches to modelling space-time dynamics within GIS - M. Batty and B. Jiang. 6. A parametrerized urban cellular model combining spontaneous and self-organising growth. 7. Testing space-time and more complex hyperspace gepgraphical analysis tools - S. Openshaw, A. Turner, I. Turton and J. MacGill. Zonation and Generalization 8. Automated zone design in GIS - D. Martin. 9. Designing zoning systems for flow data - S. Openshaw, S. Alvanides and O. Duke-Williams. 10. Propagating updates between geographic databases with different scales - T. Badard and C. Lemarie. 11. A simple and efficient algorithm for high-quality line labelling - A. Wolff, L. Knipping, M. van Kreveld, T. Strijk and P.K. Agarwal. 12. Modelling knowledge for generalization for categorical maps - A. Edwardes and M. Mackaness. 13. Preserving density contrasts during cartographic generalization - N. Regnauld. Spatial Information and Accuracy 14. Applying signal detection theory to spatial data - B. Lees and S. Hafner. 15. Localized areal interpolation for linking agricultural census data to remotely sensed land cover - A. Gimona, A. Geddes and D.A. Elston. 16. A fuzzy modelling approach to wild land mapping in Scotland - S. Fritz, L. See and S. Carver. 17. Evaluating the derivation of sub-urban land-cover data from Ordanance Survey Land-Line - M. Hughes and P. Fisher. 18. Interpolating elevation with locally adaptive kriging - C. Lloyd and P. Atkinson. 19. Assessing spatial similarity in geographic databases - A.I. Abdelmoty and B.A. El-Geresy