The field of environmental engineering is rapidly emerging into a mainstream engineering discipline. For a long time, environmental engineering has suffered from the lack of a well-defined identity. At times, the problems faced by environmental engineers require knowledge in many engineering fields, including chemical, civil, sanitary, and mechanical engineering. Increased demand for undergraduate training in environmental engineering has led to growth in the number of undergraduate programs offered. Fundamentals of Environmental Engineering provides an introductory approach that focuses on the basics of this growing field.This informative reference provides an introduction to environmental pollutants, basic engineering principles, dimensional analysis, physical chemistry, mass, and energy and component balances. It also explains the applications of these ideas to the understanding of key problems in air, water, and soil pollution.
Table of Contents
Environmental Pollution. What is Environmental Engineering? The Environmental Engineering Process. Example Activities of Environmental Engineers. History of Environmental Pollution and Its Control. Environmental Hazards and Their Management. Introduction. Global Hazards. Air Pollutants. Water Pollutants and Their Effects. Management of Environmental Hazards. Management of Pollutants Releases. Introduction to Environmental Engineering Calculations. Systems of Units. Units and Nomenclature for Basic Environmental Variables. Dimensional Analysis. Treatment of Data. Physical and Chemical Equilibrium. Phase Behavior. Thermodynamics of Equilibrium. Vapor Pressure. Solubility. Fluid-Fluid Partitioning. Fluid-Solid Partitioning. Equilibrium Models. Chemical Equilibrium. Acid Dissociation Constant. Mineral Dissolution Reactions. Ion Exchange and Adsorption. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Rate Processes. Introduction. Material Balances. Fate Processes - Sorption and Reaction. Transport Processes. Turbulent Transport. Microscopic Mass, Energy and Momentum Balances. Air Pollution and Its Control. Introduction. Atmospheric Processes. Pollutant Transport and Dispersion in the Boundary Layer. Particulate Control Processes. Gaseous Control Processes. Summary. Water Pollution and Its Control. Introduction. Surface Water Processes. Contaminant. Processes in Surface Waters. Modeling Contaminant Dynamics in Surface Waters. Sediment Processes. Primary Water Treatment. Secondary Water Treatment. Tertiary Wastewater Treatment. Summary. Soil Pollution and Its Control. Introduction. Soil Characteristics. Contaminant Transport in Soils. Remediation of Contaminated Soils. Removal Options for Soil Remediation. In-Situ Remediation Processes. Summary