Fuel cell systems have now reached a degree of technological maturity and appear destined to form the cornerstone of future energy technologies. But the rapid advances in fuel cell system development have left current information available only in scattered journals and Internet sites. The even faster race toward fuel cell commercialization further leaves the objectivity of many Internet articles open to question.
The Fuel Cell Technology Handbook is now here to help, providing the first comprehensive treatment of both the technical and commercial aspects of high and low temperature fuel cells, fuel cell systems, fuel cell catalysis, and fuel generation. The first part of the book addresses the principles of fuel cell technology and summarizes the main concepts, developments, and remaining technical problems, particularly in fueling. The second part explores applications in automotive, stationary, and portable power generation technologies. It also provides an expert's look at future developments in both the technology and its applications.
With chapters contributed by experts working in academic and industrial R&D, this handbook forms a reliable, authoritative basis for understanding fuel cell technology, applications, and commercial realities. Whether you're developing fuel cell components, designing a fuel cell system, or just interested in the viability of an application, the Fuel Cell Technology Handbook is the best place to start.
Table of Contents
PART 1: TECHNOLOGY
INTRODUCTION, Gregor Hoogers
What is a Fuel Cell?
Main Applications / the "Drivers"
Low and Medium Temperature Fuel Cells: AFC, PEMFC, AND PAFC
High Temperature Fuel Cells: MCFC AND SOFC
Liquid Fuel: DMFC
HISTORY, Eric L. Chen, Department of Engineering, University of Oxford, UK
The "Gaseous Voltaic Battery"
"Electricity Direct from Coal"
The Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
Alkaline Fuel Cell
The Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
The Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
The Solid Polymer Fuel Cell
Application in Road Vehicles
THERMODYNAMICS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL KINETICS, Eric L. Chen, Department of Engineering, University of Oxford, UK
Conversion Efficiencies of Heat Engines and Fuel Cells
FUEL CELL COMPONENTS AND THEIR IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE, Gregor Hoogers
General Design Features
Fuel Cell Performance: The MEA and the Current/Voltage Curve
Other Hardware - The Fuel Cell Stack
THE FUELING PROBLEM: FUEL CELL SYSTEMS, Gregor Hoogers
Present Hydrogen Storage Technology
Fuel Storage Capacities
CO Removal/Pd-membrane Technology
The Right Fuel/Fuel Cell Power Systems
Primary Fuels and Fuel Clean-Up
Fuel Cell Technology Based on Renewables
CATALYSTS FOR THE PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL, Dave Thomsett, Johnson Matthey Technology Centre, UK
Electrocatalysts for PEMFC
Catalyst Design, Selection, and Properties
Approaches to Reformate Tolerance
Methanol Oxidation Electrocatalysis
Preparation of Catalysts
Characterisation of Catalysts
PROSPECTS OF THE DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL, Martin Hogarth, Johnson Matthey Technology Centre, UK
Operating Principle of the DMFC
Technological Challenges Ahead of DMFC Commercialisation
Conclusions and Future Recommendations
PART II: APPLICATIONS
STATIONARY POWER GENERATION, Martina Hinsberger and Gregor Hoogers
Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Power Generation
Large-Scale Central Power Generation and Small-Scale CHP Systems
Domestic Heat and Power Generation
PORTABLE SYSTEMS, Gregor Hoogers
What are "Portable" Systems?
Prototypes and Examples
AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, Gregor Hoogers
Fuel Cell Applications in Automotive Technology
COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES FOR TRANSPORTATION, R. Stone, Department of Engineering, University of Oxford, UK
Internal Combustion Engines
Emissions Control Technology for IC Engines
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
FUEL CELL FUEL CYCLES David Hart and Ausilio Bauen
Introduction to Fuel Cycle Analysis
Applying Fuel Cycle Analysis to Fuel Cells and Competing Technologies
Fuel cycle Analysis Results
Interpretation of results
Recent Fuel Cycle Analyses and their Implications
OUTLOOK - THE NEXT FIVE YEARS Gregor Hoogers
Useful web sites
Key Word Index
"This is an excellent primer for any technical professional or student interested in or getting involved in fuel cell technology. The authors were well chosen for their knowledge and practical experience, and in every chapter technical information is presented logically and clearly. Especially valuable are the generous offering of related Web sites and lengthy and inclusive lists of chapter-end references...This well-written and informative reference work provides much information on the theory, operation, and comparative performance of the many fuel cell types...Summing Up: Highly recommended"
-S.R. Walk, Maine Maritime Academy, in CHOICE