The title of this book, From the Margins to the Centre, refers to three related themes that have run closely together in the debates on the city in the 1980s and 1990s. Firstly a process of restructuring in which activities previously deemed peripheral to the 'productive' city have now moved centre stage; that is, a concern with culture, consumption and image. Secondly, the notion of gentrification, whereby a reversal of the movement out of the city centre by the affluent classes results in a re-centralisation of previously marginal areas of the city centre. Thirdly, a process whereby previously marginal groups and their activities have been made central to the city - and have made the city centre central to themselves. Each of the chapters in this volume derives from recently conducted research grounded in an attempt to examine some of the issues posed in what can be described as postmodernist theorising on the nature of the contemporary city. A strong current of such thought has placed the multiple uses of city spaces at the centre of its claims for the construction and deconstruction of identities. The prolification and fragmentation of patterns of cultural production and consumption, it is claimed, makes the city a complex field of conflicting activities whose juxtaposition undermines traditional cultural hierarchies. Across this field identity becomes fluid in a way that uncouples its connection with the fixed categories of class, gender and ethnicity. While such positions point to a dominant role for culture in contemporary society, there has been little discussion or investigation of the social practices whereby this is effected. This book attempts an investigation of such practices. Implicit in the very conception of the book, and running through each of the contributions, is the view that contemporary popular culture is crucial to the understanding of the transformations to which we refer, and that the investigation of this popular culture needs
Table of Contents
Contents: Fordism, post-Fordism and the contemporary city; Left loafing: city cultures and postmodern lifestyles; Regional variations: northernness and new urban economies of hedonism; The interchangeable roles of the producer, consumer and cultural intermediary. The new pop fashion designer; The ecstasy of urban regeneration: regulation of the night-time economy in the transition to a post-Fordist city; The space that difference makes: negotiation urban identities through consumption practices; The city as a site of ethical consumption and resistance; Capitalist enterprise as a moral or political crusade: opportunities, constraints and contractions; Shouting in the street: popular culture, values and the new ethnography.
’...there is a lot of fascinating material here and the emphasis on the role of space and local context in urban regeneration is welcome.’ Environment and Planning