What are the fundamental causes of war, and why does war seem so firmly rooted in human experience? After tracing the answers to these questions to biblical accounts of the genesis of the sexes and to Plato's conception of the united self, Professor Chanteur explores the failures of modern political theory to come to terms with the warlike nature of the human species. Examining the thought of Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hegel, Nietzsche, La Boétie, Rousseau, Kant, and Marx, she finds that while there is of course a strong tradition of deploring war, many have also seen it as inevitable or even useful. Ultimately, she argues, the hope for peace lies in rediscovering a neglected aspect of human ontology: Human beings are both men and women. It is the failed dialogue between these two aspects of the complete human species that leads to the fear and suspicion of the "other" that so typifies the warlike instinct. Combining political theory, gender analysis, and human psychology, From War to Peace constitutes a brilliant contribution to all these fields and is essential reading for scholars of war, peace, and human society.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- The Reality of War -- War, the World Order, and God's Order -- Desire and War -- Nature, Destiny, and War -- Freedom and War -- Utopias of Peace -- Conjecture on Natural Peace -- Original Peace and Civil Peace -- Perpetual Peace -- Toward Peace -- The Ontological Rift -- A Neglected Ontology -- Authentic Speech and Peace