Over the past two decades it has become widely recognized that housing issues have to be placed in a broader framework acknowledging that civil society in the form of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and their allies are increasingly networking and emerging as strong players that cannot easily be overlooked. Some of these networks have crossed local and national boundaries and have jumped political scales. This implies that housing issues have to be looked at from new angles: they can no longer simply be addressed through localized projects, but rather at multiple scales. The current debate is largely limited to statements about the relevance of individual organizations for local housing processes and tends to overlook the innovativeness in terms of re-scaling those processes and of influencing institutional change at various levels by transcending national boundaries. There is a significant lack of a systemic understanding of such globally operating grassroots networks and how they function in the housing process. This book brings together different perspectives on multi-scalar approaches within the housing field and on grassroots’ engagement with formal agencies including local government, higher levels of government and international agencies. By moving away from romanticizing local self-initiatives, it focuses on understanding the emerging potential once local initiatives are interlinked and scaled-up to transnational networks.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: housing processes taking roots in local action and extending to global networks, Peter Herrle, Astrid Ley and Josefine Fokdal. Part I Qualities of Networks by Urban Poor: Urban poor housing development in Asia: from target group to negotiating partner, Somsook Boonyabancha and Thomas Kerr; How urban poor networks are re-scaling the housing process in Thailand, the Philippines and South Africa, Astrid Ley, Josefine Fokdal and Peter Herrle; Transnational networks of urban poor federations and their modes of action and cooperation - lessons from Tanzania, Beate Ginzel. Part II Positioning of Urban Poor Networks: Moving from consultation to empowerment? The role of slum dweller organizations in global policy networks, Interview with Gunter Meinert and Rene Peter Hohmann; From grassroots shacks to the towers of power: relationship building of transnational urban poor networks. Experiences from Africa and Asia, Josefine Fokdal, Astrid Ley and Peter Herrle; Quiet conflict: institutional change, informal settlement upgrading, and formalized partnerships between local authorities and urban social movements in South Africa, Benjamin H. Bradlow; Transforming the housing process in the Philippines: the role of local-global networks by the urban poor, Anna Marie Karaos and Emma Porio. Part III Urban Poor Networks in Global Development Policy: Urban grassroots movements and agencies of development cooperation, Klaus Teschner; Making sure the 'voices of the poor' are heard: why forms of transnational activism can make a difference, Diana Mitlin; Grappling with housing issues at the city scale: mobilizing the right to the city in South Africa, Liza Cirolia, Warren Smit and James Duminy; Collective strength by global networks of the urban poor: policy implications of affordable housing and co-development strategies, Matt Nohn; Transnational networks of urban poor: key for a more collaborative urban governance?, Peter Herrle, Josefine Fokdal and Astrid Ley. Index.
’This book opens a new chapter in the tale of economic globalization: the transnational organization of the urban poor. Globalization has restructured our cities, increasing both wealth and inequality. What started in Asia and Africa as community-based organizations, often led by women, have become powerful national and transnational players. An extraordinary book on an extraordinary phenomenon!’ Harald A. Mieg. Humboldt-UniversitÃ¤t zu Berlin, Germany ’This innovative book explores a new social space in the fields of housing and urban studies of which little is known: transnational links from below�. Based on ample evidence of interlinked, scaled-up and multi-scalar housing initiatives of the urban poor in Africa and Asia it scans strategic options to move beyond informality and marginalization through collaborative urban governance.’ Volker Kreibich, TU Dortmund University, Germany