Responding to the growing need for an aggressive yet conservative approach to evaluating mussel populations, Freshwater Bivalve Ecotoxicology provides a collective review of the techniques and approaches for assessing contaminant impact on freshwater ecosystems. The editors incorporate coverage of research topics and management issues from a cross-section of scientists in the field. They explore current advances in general monitoring of population responses to stressors, fundamental concepts of ecotoxicology specific to burrowing bivalves, and useful insights that offer direction and priority for resolving specific problems challenging protection and conservation efforts.
This book lays the groundwork with discussions of topics such as impact assessment, toxicokinetics, biomarkers, and pollution tolerance. The authors then explore fundamental concepts surrounding responses measured in freshwater bivalves as a consequence of chemical exposures or accumulated contaminants in target organs or tissues. They highlight the difficulties encountered with the laboratory culture of these organisms for toxicity testing or other controlled experiments, and examine the use of surrogate test organisms to relate sensitivities of response and reduce pressure on already impacted fauna. The book also reviews innovative field research using in situ bivalve toxicity testing, discusses effects-oriented tissue contaminant assessment, and concludes with threefour specific laboratory or combined field/laboratory ecotoxicology studies.
A summary of methods from more than 75 laboratory toxicity studies conducted with freshwater mussels, the book provides an overview of a standardized method for conducting water-only acute and chronic laboratory toxicity tests with glochidia juvenile freshwater mussels. It focuses on studies that report measured contaminant treatments, had robust experimental designs, including replication of control and contaminant treatments, and were published in the peer-reviewed literature. The resulting array of viewpoints provides a framework that can be used to establish priorities in the rehabilitation and management of freshwater ecosystems.
Table of Contents
Freshwater Bivalve Ecotoxicology, J.L. Farris and J.H. Van Hassel
A Review of the Use of Unionid Mussels as Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Health, J.H. Van Hassel and J.L. Farris
A Brief Look at Freshwater Mussel (Unionacea) Biology, G.T. Watters
Propagation and Culture of Freshwater Mussels, C.D. Bishop, R. Hudson, and J.L. Farris
Laboratory Toxicity Testing with Freshwater Mussels, C.G. Ingersoll, N.J. Kernaghan, T.S. Gross, C.D. Bishop, N. Wang, and A. Roberts
In-Situ Toxicity Testing of Unionids, M.Y. Armstead and J.L. Yeager
Unionid Mussel Sensitivity to Environmental Contaminants, A. Keller, M. Lydy and D.S. Ruessler
Toxicokinetics of Environmental Contaminants in Freshwater Bivalves, W.A. Thorsen, W.G. Cope, and D. Shea
Linking Bioaccumulation and Biological Effects to Chemicals in Water and Sediment: A Conceptual Framework for Freshwater Bivalve Ecotoxicology, M.H. Salazar and S.M. Salazar
Biomarker Responses of Unionid Mussels to Environmental Contaminants, T.J. Newton and W.G. Cope
Case Study: Comparison of Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea) In Situ Testing to Several Nontarget Test Organism Responses to Biocidal Dosing at a Nuclear Power Plant, D.S. Cherry and D.J. Soucek
Case Study: Discrimination of Factors Affecting Unionid Mussel Distribution in the Clinch River, Virginia, USA, J.H. Van Hassel
Case Study: Impact of Partially Treated Mine-Water on an Ohio River (USA) Mussel Bed: Use of Multiple Lines of Evidence in Impact Analysis, H.L. Dunn, J.L. Farris, and J.H. Van Hassel
Case Study: Sensitivity of Mussel Glochidia and Regulatory Test Organisms to Mercury and a Reference Toxicant, T.W. Valenti, D.S. Cherry, R.J. Neves, B.A. Locke, and J.J. Schmerfeld