Though Mary Shelley's Frankenstein has inspired a vast body of criticism, there are no book-length studies that contextualise this widely taught novel in contemporary scientific and literary debates. The essays in this volume by leading writers in their fields provide new historical scholarship into areas of science and pseudo-science that generated fierce controversy in Mary Shelley's time: anatomy, electricity, medicine, teratology, Mesmerism, quackery and proto-evolutionary biology. The collection embraces a multifaceted view of the exciting cultural climate in Britain and Europe from 1780 to 1830. While Frankenstein is all too often read as a cautionary tale of the inherent dangers of uncontrolled scientific experimentation, the essays here take the reader back to a period when experimenters and radical thinkers viewed science as the harbinger of social innovation that would counter the virulent conservative backlash following the French Revolution. The collection will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars specialising in Romanticism, cultural history, philosophy and the history of science.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction, Christa Knellwolf and Jane Goodall; Educating Mary: women and scientific literature in the early 19th century, Patricia Fara; The professor and the orang-outang: Mary Shelley as a child reader, Judith Barbour; Geographic boundaries and inner space: Frankenstein, scientific explorations and the quest for the absolute, Christa Knellwolf; Animal experiments and anti-vivisection debates in the 1820s, Anita Guerrini; Monstrous progeny: the teratological tradition in science and literature, Melinda Cooper; Shadows of the invisible world: Mesmer, Swedenborg and the spiritualist sciences, Joan Kirkby; Electrical romanticism, Jane Goodall; Evolution, revolution and Frankenstein's creature, Allan K. Hunter; Science as spectacle: electrical showmanship in the English Enlightenment, Ian Jackson; Collectors of nature's curiosities: science, popular culture and the rise of natural history museums, Christine Cheater; The nightmare of evolution: H.G. Wells, Percival Lowell and the legacies of Frankenstein's science, Robert Markley; Bibliography; Index.
'This ably edited volume explores the myriad scientific contexts in which Mary Shelley's Frankenstein came into being ” her childhood reading; contemporary geographical explorations, especially to the Arctic Poles; debates concerning human and animal vivisection, monstrous births, spiritualism, electricity, evolution, and the mania for collecting specimens of natural history. These essays deeply enrich our understanding of Shelley's novel, its impact on later historical readers, and its continuing relevance to current scientific controversies.' Anne K. Mellor, UCLA, USA ’This scholarly yet accessible volume is a valuable resource, not just for students of Mary Shelley but also for all those interested in the history of science in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.’ Times Higher Education 'There are some remarkable essays here, notably on the expanding boundaries of nineteenth-century science and social reform.' Enlightenment and Dissent