Flood Inundation Modeling and Hazard Mapping under Uncertainty in the Sungai Johor Basin, Malaysia

Anuar Bin Md. Ali

May 9, 2018 by CRC Press
Reference - 160 Pages
ISBN 9781138603349 - CAT# K388284
Series: IHE Delft PhD Thesis Series

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Flooding can have devastating impacts on people’s livelihood, economy and the environment. One way to minimize flood losses is using floodplain maps, which assist land planners and local authorities in identifying flood-prone areas, and provide useful information for rescue and relief agencies for their operations.

Developing floodplain maps often involves flood inundation modeling. This typically requires precipitation and stream flow data, topographic information, the selection of a hydraulic model and the calibration of its parameters. A common representation of floodplain map is based on a single outcome without an explicit consideration of all the sources of uncertainty in the modeling process.

The research presented in this thesis addresses the uncertainty in the flood inundation modeling, which may arise from input data and hydraulic modeling approach. The study area is the Sungai Johor basin in Johor, Malaysia, which is an agricultural dominated area.

By using a set of sample data for Sungai Johor Basin, the case study show the uncertainties arising from an estimation of design flow, terrain data sets, geometric description in hydraulic models and different modeling approaches.

The intent of the research in flood inundation maps is to emphasize the impact of uncertainties in flood inundation maps that not only provide useful results but also suggested further research and improvement of flood inundation mapping practices.