This volume presents the best writings on the origins, development, success and failure of fascism outside Germany. By treating the problem in a global context, these essays together add tremendous complexity to our understanding of one of history�s most destructive political movements. The collection covers theories, origins and definitions of fascism, fascism in power, fascism in opposition, and fascism in a global and comparative setting.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction. Part I Theories, Origins and Definitions: Modernism and fascism: the politics of culture in Italy, 1903-22, Walter L. Adamson; What fascism is not: thoughts on the deflation of a concept, Gilbert Allardyce; Fascism as political religion, Emilio Gentile; Five stages of fascism, Robert O. Paxton; Interpretations of the origins of fascism, Roberto Vivarelli; Democracy and fascism: class, civil society and rational choice in Italy, E. Spencer Wellhofer. Part II Fascism in Power: Dictatorship from below: local politics in the making of the Francoist state, 1937-48, Antonio Cazorla-Sanchez; Italian fascism: whatever happened to dictatorship?, Paul Corner; Women under Italian fascism, Alexander De Grand; The ambivalence of Italian antisemitism: fascism, nationalism, and racism in Trieste, Maura E. Hametz; Il grido della stirpe and Mussolini's 1938 racial legislation, Stefano Luconi; Fascism and right authoritarianism in the Iberian world - the last 20 years, Stanley G. Payne; Democracy's breakdown and the rise of fascism: the case of the Spanish 2nd Republic, 1931-6, Sara Schatz. Fascism in Opposition: Defining French fascism, finding fascists in France, John Bingham; Bernanos, Drumont and the rise of French fascism, John Hellman; Tell me chum, in case I got it wrong. What was it we were fighting during the war? The re-emergence of British fascism, 1945-58, Nicholas Hillman; Fascism in France and the strange case of the croix de feu, William D. Irvine; Was fascism an ideology? British fascism reconsidered, Dave Renton; Patterns of membership and support for the British Union of Fascists, G.C. Webber. Fascism in a Global and Comparative Setting: A 'dog in the night time' problem: American fascism in the 1930s, Peter Amann; Fascism and Italian-American identity. A case study: Utica, New York, Philip A. Bean; Fascism and politics in Peru during the Benavides regime, 1933-39: the Italian perspective, Orazio Ciccarelli; Comment: fascism and t