This book provides a comprehensive review of the present knowledge and current problems concerning physical-chemical aspects of the behavior of excess electrons in various media. The book's 13 chapters strike a balance between theoretical and experimental accounts and provide in-depth presentations of specific subjects. Among the several topics discussed in this stimulating volume are primary interactions, transport, and relaxation of excess electrons of a few tens of electron-Volts in various solid and liquid materials; energetics and transport properties of electrons after thermalization in non-polar dielectric liquids; quantum simulation methods; and electron solvation in polar liquids and of excess electrons trapped in polar matrices at low temperature. Applications of these concepts are discussed as well, including hot electron transport in silicon dioxide, the fate of excess electrons created in polar dielectric liquids by photoelectrochemical methods or by cathodic generation, and excess electron production and decay in organic microheterogeneous systems. Researchers, instructors, and engineers working in the radiation sciences, condensed-matter physics, chemical physics, biophysics, photochemistry, and the biochemistry of electron transfer and electrochemistry should consider this book to be an invaluable reference resource.
Table of Contents
Primary Interactions of Low-Energy Electrons in Condensed Matter (Léon Sanche). Hot Electron Transport in Condensed Organic Dielectrics (Richard M. Marsolais, Eduard A. Cartier, and Peter Pfluger). Thermalization of Subexcitation Electrons in Dense Molecular Media (René Voltz). Excess Electron Life History by Dielectric Relaxation (Robert Schiller). Electronic Energy Levels in Non-Polar Dielectric Liquids (Werner F. Schmidt). Mobility of Excess Electrons in Dielectric Liquids: Experiment and Theory (Raul C. Munoz). Quantum Calculations on Excess Electrons in Disordered Media (David F. Coker and Bruce J. Berne). Electron Solvation in Polar Liquids (Jean-Paul Jay-Gerin and Christiane Ferradini). Excess Electrons in Polar Matrices (Masaaki Ogasawara). Hot Electron Transport and Trapping in Silicon Dioxide (Donelli J. Di Maria and Massimo V. Fischetti). The Fate of Excess Electrons Generated by Electrochemical Methods (Anatol M. Brodsky). Excess Electrons in Microheterogeneous Systems (Annette Bernas, Dora Grand, and Simone Hautecloque). Intramolecular Electron Transfer Reactions in Peptides and Proteins (Moshe Faraggi and Michael H. Klapper).