1.ECOSYSTEM SIZE, DISTURBANCE, STABILITY, AND DIVERSITY-Each chapter topic is examined in the context of the interrelationships between ecosystem size, disturbance patterns, stability of populations and communities, and diversity of habitats and species.2.HYDROLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION-The book features the first publication of a hydrological simulation model of the predrainage Everglades system. Predrainage hydrology simulations are integrated with the hydrology/ecology relationships developed in the other chapters to propose hydrologic restoration guidelines for the ecosystem.3.RESTORATION APPLICATIONS IN DYNAMIC ECOSYSTEMS-The book provides a dynamic approach to ecosystem restoration by focusing on the Everglades as a constantly changing system and on restoration of a "moving target."4.CROSS-SCALE CONSIDERATIONS IN ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION-Analyses of ecosystem patterns, processes, dynamics and restoration approaches span temporal and spatial scales from individual species populations to communities, landscapes, and global issues.5.ADAPTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT-The book emphasizes the uncertainty inherent in the restoration of dynamic systems which we will never completely understand. It advances an adaptive approach of experimental large-scale ecosystem manipulation to test hypotheses that represent our best current knowledge. The book was developed in part through a series of AEAM workshops.
The 31 chapters provide a wealth of previously unpublished information, plus topic syntheses, for a wide range of ecological parameters. These include the physical driving forces that created and continue to shape the Everglades and patterns and processes of its flora and fauna. The book summarizes recent studies of the region's vegetation, alligators, wading birds, and endangered species such as the snail kite and Florida panther. This referee-reviewed volume is the product of collaboration among 58 international authors from 27 institutional affiliations over nearly five years.
The book concludes with a synthesis of system-wide restoration hypotheses, as they apply to the Everglades, that represent the integration and a collective viewpoint from the preceding 30 chapters. Techniques and systems learned here can be applied to ecosystems around the world.
Table of Contents
The Everglades Issues in a Broader Perspective
Introduction, Steven M. Davis and John C. Ogden
Ecosystems as Products of Spatially and Temporally Varying Driving Forces, Ecological Processes, and Landscapes: A Theoretical Perspective, Donald L. DeAngelis and Peter S. White
Wetland Ecosystem Protection, Management, and Restoration: An International Perspective, E. Maltby and P. J. Dugan
Water Control in the Everglades: A Historical Perspective, Stephen S. Light and J. Walter Dineen
Everglades Agriculture: Past, Present, and Future, G. H. Snyder and J. M. Davidson
Changes in Freshwater Inflow from the Everglades to Florida Bay Including Effects on Biota and Biotic Processes: A Review, Carole C. McIvor, Janet A. Ley, and Robin D. Bjork
II. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Ecosystem Driving Forces
Age, Origin, and Landscape Evolution of the Everglades Peatland, Patrick J. Gleason and Peter Stone
Sea Level Control on Stability of Everglades Wetlands, Harold R. Wanless, Randall W. Parkinson, and Lenore P. Tedesco
The Climate of South Florida and Its Role in Shaping the Everglades Ecosystem, M. J. Duever, J. F. Meeder, L. C. Meeder, and J. M. McCollom
A Computer Model to Simulate Natural Everglades Hydrology, Robert J. Fennema, Calvin J. Neidrauer, Robert A. Johnson, Thomas K. MacVicar, and William A. Perkins
Fire Patterns in the Southern Everglades, L. H. Gunderson and J. R. Snyder
Synthesis: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of the Environment, Donald L. DeAngelis
III. Vegetation Components and Processes
Vegetation of the Everglades: Determinants of Community Composition, Lance H. Gunderson
The Biology, Distribution, and Ecological Consequences of Melaleuca quinquenervia in the Everglades, Michael J. Bodle, Amy P. Ferriter, and Daniel D. Thayer
Phosphorus Inputs and Vegetation Sensitivity in the Everglades, Steven M. Davis
Periphyton in the Everglades: Spatial Variation, Environmental Correlates, and Ecological Implications, Joan A. Browder, Patrick J. Gleason, and David R. Swift
Landscape Dimension, Composition, and Function in a Changing Everglades Ecosystem, Steven M. Davis, Lance H. Gunderson, Winifred A. Park, John R. Richardson, and Jennifer E. Mattson
Synthesis: Vegetation Pattern and Process in the Everglades Ecosystem, Peter S. White
IV. Faunal Components and Processes
Long-Term Dynamics of an Everglades Small-Fish Assemblage, William F. Loftus and Anne-Marie Eklund
Ecology of the American Alligator in a Seasonally Fluctuating Environment, Frank J. Mazzotti and Laura A. Brandt
The Snail Kite in the Florida Everglades: A Food Specialist in a Changing Environment, Robert E. Bennetts, Michael W. Collopy, and James A. Rodgers, Jr.
A Comparison of Wading Bird Nesting Colony Dynamics (1931-1946 and 1974-1989) as an Indication of Ecosystem Conditions in the Southern Everglades, John C. Ogden
Nutrient Transport by Wading Birds in the Everglades, Peter C. Frederick and George V. N. Powell
Foraging Habitat of Wading Birds in the Water Conservation Areas of the Everglades, Wayne Hoffman, G. Thomas Bancroft, and Richard J. Sawicki
Relationships among Wading Bird Foraging Patterns, Colony Locations, and Hydrology in the Everglades, G. Thomas Bancroft, Allan M. Strong, Richard J. Sawicki, Wayne Hoffman, and Susan D. Jewell
Factors Affecting Reproductive Success of Wading Birds (Ciconiiformes) in the Everglades Ecosystem, Peter C. Frederick and Marilyn G. Spalding
Landscape, White-Tailed Deer, and the Distribution of Florida Panthers in the Everglades, Tommy R. Smith and Oron L. Bass, Jr.
The Faunal Chapters: Contexts, Synthesis, and Departures, William B. Robertson, Jr. and Peter C. Frederick
V. Toward Ecosystem Restoration
The Structure and Dynamics of the Everglades System: Guidelines for Ecosystem Restoration, C. S. Holling, Lance H. Gunderson, and Carl J. Walters
A Screening of Water Policy Alternatives for Ecological Restoration in the Everglades, Carl J. Walters and Lance H. Gunderson
Toward Ecosystem Restoration, Steven M. Davis and John C. Ogden
"Everglades is an extraordinary 825-page compendium of scientific information, and I commend the editors for bringing it to publication...Every wetland scientist and every decision maker with responsibility for water diversion projects should understand this case history and the message of these 57 authors."
Joy B. Zedler, Pacific Estuarine Research Lab, State University, San Diego
"The editors, sponsoring agents, and publisher all deserve credit and thanks for walking a very long mile-it is a benchmark work."
Larry D. Harris, Center for Biological Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville
"This is the best book ever published on a single wetland or wetland type. Those with an interest in the Everglades or other subtropical or tropical wetland will find it indispensable.
Arnold G. van der Valk