Environmental Soil Properties and Behaviour

Raymond N. Yong, Masashi Nakano, Roland Pusch

March 5, 2012 by CRC Press
Reference - 455 Pages - 178 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781439845295 - CAT# K12014

USD$147.95

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Features

  • Introduces soil ageing as a process that affects the long-term nature of soils and their properties and behaviours
  • Presents the concepts of soil quality and soil functionality as tools and criteria in soil and geoenvironmental engineering
  • Examines the effect on soils from natural environmental forces (such as earthquakes, floods, acid rain) and anthropogenic activities (waste discharge, generation of greenhouse gases, construction and mining activities, etc.)
  • Discusses the mechanical, thermal, and hydraulic properties of soils and their role in the development of soil functionality
  • Addresses the role of soils in land disposal and containment of wastes
  • Explains the important interaction between soil particles and water with regards to mechanical and transfer properties, buffering capability, and storage for agricultural and drinking water
  • Includes more than 170 illustrations and 190 equations

Summary

From bridges and tunnels to nuclear waste repositories, structures require that soils maintain their design engineering properties if the structures are to reach their projected life spans. The same is true for earth dams, levees, buffers, barriers for landfills, and other structures that use soils as engineered materials. Yet soil, a natural resource, continues to change as a result of natural and anthropogenic stresses. As the discipline of soil properties and behaviours matures, new tools and techniques are making it possible to study these properties and behaviours in more depth.

What Happens to Soil Under Weathering, Aging, and Chemical Stress?

Environmental Soil Properties and Behaviour examines changes in soil properties and behaviour caused by short- and long-term stresses from anthropogenic activities and environmental forces. Introducing new concepts of soil behaviour, soil maturation, and soil functionality, it integrates soil physics, soil chemistry, and soil mechanics as vital factors in soil engineering. The book focuses on environmental soil behaviour, with particular attention to two main inter-related groups of soil–environment issues. The first is the use of soil as an environmental tool for management and containment of toxic and hazardous waste materials. The second is the impact of ageing and weathering processes and soil contamination on the properties and behaviour of soils, especially those used in geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering projects.

A Transdisciplinary Look at Soil-Changing Processes

To determine short- and long-term soil quality and soil functionality, the authors emphasize the need to be aware of the nature of the stressors involved as well as the kinds of soil-changing processes that are evoked. This book takes a first step toward a much-needed transdisciplinary effort to develop a broader and deeper understanding of what happens to soil and how we can determine and quantify the effect of biogeochemical processes. It offers a timely resource for the study of soil properties and behaviours, effects of environmental changes, and remediation of contaminated soil.