Environmental Justice and Oil Pollution Laws: Comparing Enforcement in the United States and Nigeria

1st Edition

Eloamaka Carol Okonkwo

March 5, 2020 Forthcoming
Reference - 288 Pages - 5 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9780367221362 - CAT# 303573
Series: Routledge Explorations in Environmental Studies


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This book explores the relationship between oil pollution laws and environmental justice by comparing and contrasting the United States and Nigeria.

Critically, this book not only examines the fluidity of oil pollutions laws, but also how effective or ineffective enforcement can be viewed through the lens of environmental justice. Using Nigeria as a case study and drawing on examples from the United States, it examines the legal and institutional challenges impacting on the effective enforcement of laws and provides a contrasting view of developed and developing countries. Focussing on the oil and gas industry, the book discusses the laws and international acceptable standards (IAS) in these industries, the principles behind their application, the existing barriers to their effective implementation and how to overcome those barriers. Utilising an environmental justice framework, the book demonstrates the synergy between policy-making, human rights, and justice in oil producing regions as well as addressing the importance of protecting the rights of minorities. Through a comparative analysis of the United States and Nigeria, this book draws out enforcement approaches and mechanisms for tackling oil-related pollution with a view to reducing environmental injustice in developing countries. Examining role of the NGOs in pursuing environmental justice matters, the book showed the regional courts as one avenue of overcoming the enforcement challenges faced by the developing countries.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental law, environmental justice, minorities rights, business and human rights, energy law, and natural resource governance.

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