Authoritative advice on many environmental contaminants - what they are and how to interpret the data on them, including conflicting or insufficient dataLiterature reviews of specific chemicals, followed by clear technical summaries that provide research guidanceActual data presented in easy-to-use tablesPrimary attention to toxic levels of contaminants such as organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, dioxins, PAHs, metals, selenium, and fluorides
Many books have been written about the effects of toxic chemicals on wildlife, but none has focused on the practical question, "How much of a chemical in the tissues of an animal is harmful?" This book deals exclusively with that question. This comprehensive reference will certainly become the standard resource on the topic, offering authoritative and sound advice on many environmental contaminants.
With chapters written by outstanding experts in their respective fields, this is not only a scholarly collection of discussions on different chemicals, but, for those who have the day-to-day task of evaluating the harm of environment contaminants to wildlife, this book will provide answers on, for example, how to interpret 1 ppm lead in the liver of a duck or fish.
The authors explain the snags of interpreting data that are sometimes conflicting or insufficient, providing the reader with helpful advice on how to cope with such data. Each chapter reviews literature on a specific chemical, followed by a easy-to-understand summary providing technical guidance. For many years this book will remain the preeminent reference on how to interpret contaminant levels of organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, dioxins, PAHs, metals, selenium, and fluorides in wildlife.
Table of Contents
Residue Analyses: How They Were Used to Assess the Hazards of Contaminants to Wildlife, J.O. Keith
DDT, DDD, and DDE in Birds, L.J. Blus
Dieldrin and Other Cyclodiene Pesticides in Wildlife, D.B. Peakall
Other Organochlorine Pesticides in Birds, S.N. Wiemeyer
PCBs in Aquatic Organisms, A.J. Niimi
Toxicological Implications of PCB Residues in Mammals, M.A. Kamrin and R.K. Ringer
PCBs and Dioxins in Birds, D.J. Hoffman, C.P. Rice, and T.J. Kubiak
Dioxins: An Environmental Risk for Fish? D. Sijm and A. Opperhuizen
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Mammals, Finfish, and Molluscs, J. Hellou
Lead in Waterfowl, D.J. Pain
Interpretation of Tissue Lead Residues in Birds Other Than Waterfowl, J.C. Franson
Lead in Mammals, W.-C. Ma
Toxicological Significance of Mercury in Freshwater Fish, J.G. Wiener and D.J. Spry
Mercury in Birds and Terrestrial Mammals, D.R. Thompson
Metals in Marine Mammals, R.J. Law
Cadmium in Small Mammals, J.A. Cooke and M.S. Johnson
Cadmium in Birds, R.W. Furness
Heavy Metals in Aquatic Invertebrates, P.S. Rainbow
Selenium in Aquatic Organisms, A.D. Lemly
Selenium in Birds, G.H. Heinz
Fluoride in Birds, W.J. Fleming
Fluoride in Small Mammals, J.A. Cooke, I.C. Boulton, and M.S. Johnson
"...an excellent reference for biologists who are seeking information on what tissue levels mean when analyzed from field autopsies and feeding trails or exposures... it can be hoped that the legacy of superior scientific research in wildlife toxicology will go on."
-Journal of Environmental Quality