The study of environmental interfaces and environmental catalysis is central to finding more effective solutions to air pollution and in understanding of how pollution impacts the natural environment. Encompassing concepts, techniques, and methods, Environmental Catalysis provides a mix of theory, computation, analysis, and synthesis to support the latest applications in biocatalysis, green chemistry, environmental remediation and our understanding of the interaction of pollutants with natural systems.
The book focuses on several aspects of environmental catalysis. Surface catalysis of airborne particles - including ice, trace atmospheric gases, aerosolized soot nanoparticles, and mineral dust surfaces - as well as particles in contact with ground water and their role in surface adsorption, surface catalysis, hydrolysis, dissolution, precipitation, oxidation and ozone decomposition is explored. It continues by presenting catalysis as the key technology for treating emissions and reducing waste by-products. The authors review the theory behind catalytic converters and discuss the effectiveness of several catalysts, including zeolites and nanoparticles, in treating emissions, aromatic hydrocarbons, and chemical warfare agents. They also survey the use of biocatalysis in environmental remediation, and industrial processes, particularly in the production of transportation fuels, fine chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Then the authors explain how enzymes can remove chlorinated organics and metals and how microbes can metabolize toxic chemicals from groundwater. Lastly, they discuss the principles of green chemistry, including the use of environmentally benign solvents, biphasic catalysts, and other alternative solvents to recover and recycle catalysts based on heavy metals.
With increasing ground water pollution, increasing particulates in the atmosphere, and the increasing need to remove pollutants from industrial and automotive sources, Environmental Catalysis addresses issues that will be instrumental in current and future environmental challenges we face.
Table of Contents
Section I Environmental Catalysis in Air, Water, and Soil
Metal and Oxyanion Sorption on Naturally Occurring Oxide and Clay Mineral Surfaces; D.L. Sparks
Catalysis of Electron Transfer Reactions at Mineral Surfaces; M.A. Schoonen and D.R. Strongin
Precipitation and Dissolution of Iron and Manganese Oxides; S.T. Martin
Applications of Nonlinear Optical Techniques for Studying Heterogeneous Systems Relevant in the Natural Environment; A.B. Voges, H. Al-Abadleh, and F.M. Geiger
Environmental Catalysis in the Earth's Atmosphere: Heterogeneous Reactions on Mineral Dust Aerosol; E.R. Johnson and V.H. Grassian
Uptake of Trace Species by Ice: Implications for Cirrus Clouds in the Upper Troposphere; P.K. Hudson and M.A. Tolbert
Surface Chemistry at Size-Selected, Aerosolized Nanoparticles; J.T. Roberts
Section II Environmental Catalysis in Remediation
Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOX; T. Curtin
Surface Science Studies of DeNOx Catalysts; J.A. Rodriguez
Fundamental Concepts in Molecular Simulation of NOX Catalysis; W.F. Schneider
Applications of Zeolites in Environmental Catalysis; S.C. Larsen
Theoretical Modeling of Zeolite Catalysis: Nitrogen Oxide Catalysis over Metal-Exchanged Zeolites; S.A. McMillan, L.J. Broadbelt, and R.Q. Snurr
The Organic Chemistry of TiO2 Photocatalysis of Aromatic Hydrocarbons; W.S. Jenks
In Situ Solid-State NMR Studies of Photocatalytic Oxidation Reactions; S. Pilkenton and D. Raftery
Beyond Photocatalytic Environmental Remediation: Novel TiO2 Materials and Applications; A.G. Agrios and K.A. Gray
Nanoparticles in Environmental Remediation; K.T. Ranjit, G. Medine, P. Jeevanandam, I.N. Martyanov, and K.J. Klabunde
Toward a Molecular Understanding of Environmental Catalysis: Studies of Metal Oxide Clusters and their Reactions; E.R. Bernstein and Y. Matsuda
Biocatalysis in Environmental Remediation-Bioremediation; G.F. Parkin
Bioengineering for the In Situ Remediation of Metals; J.L. Nyman, S.M. Williams, and C.S. Criddle
Section III: Environmental Catalysis in Green Chemical Processing
Selective Oxidation; R.B. Watson and U.S. Ozkan
Environmental Catalysis in Organic Synthesis; Jianliang Xiao
Catalytic Reactions of Industrial Importance in Aqueous Media; Nan Jiang and Chao-Jun Li
Zeolite-Based Catalysis in Supercritical CO2 for Green Chemical Processing; Y.G. Adewuyi
Green Biphasic Homogeneous Catalysis; P.G. Jessop and D.J. Heldebrant
Green Chemical Manufacturing with Biocatalysis; J.D. Stewart
"…an updated and relevant source of information."
-International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 86, 2006
"This comprehensive book explores the subject from three distinct angles: natural systems (air, water, and soils); environmental remediation; and green chemical processing, and covers a wide breadth of subject areas from molecular surface science to nanotechnology and bioremediation. The book draws these areas together in a useful context and highlights the importance of the science and technology in the clean up and preservation of our environment."
-Louise Assem, Chemistry & Industry, November 6, 2006
"The book is well organized, and the chapters are well laid out and well written, with their contents being relatively easy to follow…an excellent text for an undergraduate senior-level or graduate-level course…The text is also indispensable for anyone engaged in research in environmental catalysis because of the breadth of the topics covered…a fresh addition to the study of this topic."
-Israel E. Wachs, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, No. 25, 2006