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Plastics and rubber materials, or polymers, are increasingly the first choice of engineers when reliable, cost-effective performance and safety are essential. The volume of polymers used in the Western economy now exceeds that of metals, which requires today's engineering students to have a thorough grounding in the properties and applications of polymeric materials.
The first chapters of Engineering with Polymers explain what polymers are, how they behave, and how articles are made from them. The authors then show how the standard engineering techniques of stress analysis, structures, fluid mechanics, heat transfer and design can be adopted or adapted to cover plastics and rubber materials. The book ends with chapters detailing interactions between processing and properties, and a description of a variety of approaches to designing plastics products, from practical advice to the use or further development of theoretical principles, backed up by examples and case studies.
The book is aimed at mechanical engineering students and design engineers in industry and also at materials' and chemical engineers.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION Engineering with Polymers Predicting Performance Functionality of Products Concluding Remarks
ASPECTS OF POLYMER PHYSICS Introduction Linear and Network Polymers Names of Polymers Thermoplastics Microstructure Molecular Mobility Crosslinked Plastics Crosslinked Rubber Polymers Molecular Orientation Some Broad Generalizations Problems Further Reading
PLASTICS AND RUBBER COMPONENTS AND COMPOUNDS Introduction Polymers as a Class of Materials Detailed Properties of Polymers The Need for Compounds Problems Further Reading
IMPORTANT POLYMER PROCESSING METHODS The Main Concepts Batch Mixing Processes Extrusion Processes Moulding Processes Contact Moulding Techniques Continuous Fibre Techniques Problems Further Reading
STIFFNESS OF POLYMER PRODUCTS Stiffness of Plastics: Elementary Concepts Problems Stiffness of Plastics: A More General Approach Problems Stiffness of Vulcanized Rubber Problems Further Reading
STRENGTH OF POLYMER PRODUCTS Introduction The Traditional Approach Problems The Fracture Mechanics Approach Problems Further Reading
FIBRE-POLYMER COMPOSITES Introduction Problems Micromechanics Problems Macromechanics of Laminates Problems Stiffness of Laminates Problems Strength of Wide Laminates Problems Further Reading
FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN MELT PROCESSING Introduction Undirectional Isothermal Newtonian Flow Problems Shear Velocity of Polymer Melts Problems Undirectional Power-Law Flows Problems Mixing and Blending of Polymer Melts Tensile Viscosity Problems Elasticity of Polymer Melts Problems Heat Transfer in Polymer Processing Problems Further Reading
SOME INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES Introduction Thermal Effects Problems Flow Effects Problems Some Combined Pressure, Flow and Thermal Effects Problems Effect of Change in Processing Conditions Preferred Shapes Further Reading
PRODUCT DESIGN Introduction Specific Plastics Elements Problems Designing for Stiffness Problems Prestressed Elements Problems Tailor-Made Elements Problems Computer-Aided Engineering with Polymers Further Reading
OUTLINE ANSWERS INDEX
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