Emotional States, Attention, and Working Memory: A Special Issue of Cognition & Emotion

1st Edition

Nazanin Derakhshan, Michael Eysenck

Psychology Press
Published March 25, 2010
Reference - 192 Pages
ISBN 9781848727168 - CAT# Y104789
Series: Special Issues of Cognition and Emotion


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This Special Issue is concerned with the effects of three emotional states (positive affect; anxiety; and depression) on performance. More specifically, the contributors focus on the potential mediating effects of attention and of executive processes of working memory. The evidence discussed suggests that anxiety and depression both impair the executive functions of shifting and inhibition, in part due to task-irrelevant processing (e.g., rumination; worry). In contrast, positive affect seems to enhance the shifting function and does not impair the inhibition function. The complicating role of motivational intensity is also discussed, as are implications for future research.

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