Emergency Management and Social Intelligence: A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach

1st Edition

Charna R. Epstein, Ameya Pawar, Scott. C. Simon

CRC Press
Published December 19, 2014
Reference - 248 Pages - 24 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781439847978 - CAT# K12136

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USD$96.95

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Features

  • Explains how one-size-fits-all disaster planning will continue to fail during disasters
  • Illustrates how social welfare policy has mirrored disaster policy
  • Provides detailed case studies on a spectrum of disasters spanning a century, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills
  • Describes how emergency management can provide a more robust response while still remaining a coordinating entity
  • Identifies methods for improving budgeting and capital improvement plans related to community development and infrastructure
  • Examines how to leverage existing capabilities within municipal departments to deliver more effective services and identify emerging trends

Summary

For effective preparedness, emergency managers must comprehend how a disaster impacts not only the physical infrastructure of the affected community but also the population. They must understand how the people interact with one another, how they interact with government, and how they react to the disaster event. In other words, they must have social intelligence. Emergency Management and Social Intelligence: A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach provides a comprehensive framework for understanding a community before, during, and after a disaster in order to best mitigate the effect of a disaster on its people.

After an overview of what we’ve learned and what we haven’t learned from past events, the book provides detailed case studies on a spectrum of disasters spanning a century, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills. This context provides a framework for understanding a host of essential issues, including:

  • The interplay between how people perceive people in their communities, the public policy which results from socially constructed views, and the issues which surface during and after disaster as a result
  • The base logic of Social Intelligence which is rooted in the U.S. national security and intelligence apparatus
  • The application of the intelligence cycle in emergency management and how to develop and understand situational awareness
  • Baseline data points applicable to any community or jurisdiction and how they can be woven together to build on existing jurisdictional competence and real-time situational awareness
  • How geographic information systems (GISs) are used in emergency management, along with their limitations and the different software programs available
  • Modeling for disasters and how this helps the emergency management community plan for and respond to disasters
  • How emergency managers can use social intelligence to build resiliency at the local level and harness preexisting community strength before, during, and after a disaster

The insight presented in this volume supplies emergency managers, policy makers, and elected officials with a powerful blueprint for implementing social intelligence in any community or organization, maximizing the effectiveness of disaster recovery efforts. Equally important, this volume supplies emergency managers, municipalities, government organizations, and private sector entities with a framework to understand and identify social and economic fault lines in communities.

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