Presents an overview of the hazardous waste problem from a general industrial perspective and also aspects of the perspective from a large federal agencyDiscusses the tools that help provide effective and safe waste managementIdentifies the chemical and engineering factors necessary for determining the durability of waste formsExamines safe geological disposalPresents actual case studies of the use of analytical screening tests, sampling and analysis, and environmental toxicology and monitoringDiscusses pathways analysis as a special tool for examining the effects of hazardous waste and disposal methodsDiscusses and evaluates risk and risk analysis as important considerationsPresents specific examples for the use of risk analysis in effective and safe waste management
Effective and safe waste management is dependent on the collaborative interaction of engineers, computer modeling specialists, toxicologists, risk assessment experts, soil scientists, biologists, geologists, chemists and professionals in many other disciplines. To meet the needs of this diverse group, this book covers effective and safe waste management topics in a holistic sense, including air monitoring as well as soil and water monitoring, site-specific evaluation and monitoring as well as generic management, and scientific and regulatory compliance issues as well as public interactions. It is an essential reference for all professionals involved in waste management, monitoring, and risk analysis.
Table of Contents
Preface. The Introduction. Waste Management Trends: Introductory Vignettes (R.L. Jolley). The Overview. Overview of Waste Management and Environmental Restoration Programs at the Oak Ridge Complex (G.A. Smithwick, L.P. Duffy, and A.G. Croff). Multimedia Environmental and Biological Surveillance at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site, Southeastern Washington (R.H. Gray). Problems with the Use of Developing Technologies at Hazardous Waste Sites (R.B. Pojasek). Effective and Safe Waste Management-A Regulator's Perspective (J.E. Orban). Public Interface and Waste Management Planning: An Approach for Integrating Community Involvement in Waste Strategies (P. Xiques). The Method. Structuring a Cost-Effective Site Characterization (B.A. Berven, C.A. Little, and R.E. Swaja). Remedial Investigation of a Superfund Site (J.L. Daniels, T. E. McKone, L.C. Hall, D.W. Layton, and K.T. Bogen). Developing Air Monitoring Plans for Hazardous Waste Disposal Facilities (N. Navarro and B. Quan). How Does One Develop the "Right" Quality Assurance Program for Waste Management Projects? (D. Hedges). Decision-Making Methodology for Management of Hazardous Waste (J.S. Philbin and R.M. Cranwell). Use of Pathways Analysis as a Tool for Effective and Safe Waste Management (D.W. Lee and D.C. Kocher). The Application. Waste Confinement Systems and Waste Form Durability (H.W. Godbee, A.L. Rivera, J.L. Kasten, R.L. Jolley, and O.U. Anders). Interpretation of Leaching Data for Cementitious Waste Forms Using Analytical Solutions Based on Mass Transport Theory and Empiricism (R.D. Spence, H.W. Godbee, O.K. Tallent, and C.W. Nestor, Jr.). The Development of Technologies for the Long-Term Containment of Low-Level Radioactive and Hazardous Wastes into Geologic Formations (T.F. Lomenick). The Monitoring. Misuse of Analytical Screening Tests in Environmental Investigations (G.E. Parris, J.M. Schreiber, and A.G. Miller). Methods for Sampling and Analyzing Vapor-Phase Mutagens and Other Volatile Toxicants from Waste Sites (J.N. Seiber, D.P.H. Hsieh, N.Y. Kado, P.A. Kuzmicky, H. Ning, J.M. Wong, and J.E. Woodrow). Integrating Environmental Toxicology and Monitoring in the Development and Maintenance of a Water Quality Program: California's Rice Herbicide Scenario (J.M. Lee, L.J. Ross, and R.G. Wang). The Toxicology. Computerization of Toxicological Data by Government Agencies, Chemical and Information Industries (J.B. Knaak, B. Wagner, H. Boutchyard, Jr., L.W. Smith, T. Jones, and R. G. Wang). Toxicological Evaluations of Hazardous Effluents and Emissions Using Genetic Bioassays (V.S. Houk, D.M. DeMarini, R.R. Watts, and J. Lewtas). The Risk. Risk Management at Hazardous Waste Sites (C.C. Travis and C.B. Doty). Health Risk Assessment of Toxic Wastes (N.P. Page and S. Donahoe). Comparison of Modeling and Expert Systems Approaches to Exposure Assessment (G.E. Parris). Using Risk Assessment in Remedy Selection (W.K. Tusa). Use of Monte Carlo Modeling Approach for Evaluating Risk and Environmental Compliance (K.A. Higley and D.L. Strenge). Towards the Development of a Biologically Sound Philiosophy for Ecological Risk Assessment (E.B. May, W.P. Jensen, and S. Jordan). Index.