In the decades following the first Earth Day in 1970, a generation has been enlightened about the unspeakable damage done to our planet. Federal, state, and local governments generated laws and regulations to control development and protect the environment. Local governments have developed environmental standards addressing their needs. The result-an ecologically incongruous pattern of land development known as urban sprawl.
Local land use planners can have a greater effect on the quality of our environment than all of the federal and state regulators combined. Historically, they have existed on the periphery of land management. The author suggests that federal and state environmental regulators need to incorporate local governments into their environmental protection plans. Ecologically Based Municipal Land Use Planning provides easily understood, nuts and bolts solutions for controlling urban sprawl, emphasizing the integration of federal, state, and local land use plans.
The book discusses ecological resources and provides practical solutions that municipal planners can implement immediately. It discusses the most recent scientific data, how to extract what is important, and how to apply it to the local land planning process. The author includes the application of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to problem solving.
Despite compelling evidence and sound arguments favoring the implementation of an ecologically sensitive approach to land use planning, municipal planners, in general, remain skeptical. It will take considerably more encouragement and education to win them over completely. Ecologically Based Municipal Land Use Planning makes the case for sound land use policies that will reduce sprawl.
Table of Contents
Why Ecologically Based Land Use?
Environmental Degradation - The Product of Land Use
Land Use and Environmental Protection - Their Origins, Philosophies, and Destinies
Comprehensive Land Use Planning - A Slow Start and Slow Acceptance
Environmental Protection - On a Parallel Course But Destined to Merge with Land Use Planning
The Making of a Land Use Philosophy
Reconciling the Master Plan and Zoning and Restoring True Home Rule
Additional Science Aids the Process
Beware the Model
Verification, Validation, and Confirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences - Guest Essay
The Value of Natural Ecosystems and Natural Resources
Setting the Values
Private Property Rights and Public Trust Resources
Development of the Community Wide Parcel Base Map
Include Some Historical Perspectives of the Community
Inventory and Importance of Community Resources
Analyzing the Data, Assessing Community Health and Setting Objectives and Strategies for the New Ecologically Based Municipal Master Plan
Environmental or Exposure Indicators
Analyzing the Data and Setting Objectives and Strategies
New Ideas for the New Millennium
A General Commentary on Best Management Practices
Appendix A: Web Site Containing Environmental or Ecological Information
Appendix B: Excerpted Tables From U.S. Fish and Wildlife Exposure Factors Handbook for the American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)and the red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Appendix C: Example Data Available From New Jersey DEP's Natural Heritage Program
Appendix D: Excerpts From New Jersey Geological Survey's "A Method for Evaluating Ground Water Recharge Areas in New Jersey"
Appendix E: Siltation and Erosion Control Sample Products
"The solution to the urban sprawl that seems to thwart the efforts and values of communities…is not to be found in more legislation, rules, and regulation, says Honachefsky, but in local communities and how they develop their municipal master plan…incorporating recent scientific research studies, applying geographic information systems, and designating the protection of the community's ecological infrastructure as the premier priority".
-Book News, Inc.
"Honachefsky provides nuts and bolts solutions for controlling urban sprawl, emphasizing the integration of federal, state, and local land use plans".
This book is a thorough and practical presentation of two fundamental planning principles…a must read for land planners and citizen planning board members."
-Environmental Building News
"Ignore the academic title, and you'll find a useful, well written and well illustrated book packed with the latest thinking on land use management, written in non-condescending but easy to understand terms and punctuated with anecdotes from the author's 30 year career as an environmental scientist, investigator and professional planner…Yet, it is also that rate thing-a reference book accessible to the average citizen, that is likely to spark new ways of thinking for professional planners and civil engineers."
-Ed Hunt, Editor, Tide Pool
"Move over, the municipal master plan of the 21st Century has arrived."