This collection captures key themes and issues in the broad history of addiction and vice in the Anglo-American world. Focusing on the long nineteenth-century, the volumes consider how scientific, social, and cultural experiences with drugs, alcohol, addiction, gambling, and prostitution varied around the world. What might be considered vice, or addiction could be interpreted in various ways, through various lenses, and such activities were interpreted differently depending upon the observer: the medical practitioner; the evangelical missionary; the thrill seeking bon-vivant, and the concerned government commissioner, to name but a few. For example, opium addiction in middle class households resulting from medical treatment was judged much differently than Chinese opium smoking by those in poverty or poor living conditions in North American work camps on the west coast, or on the streets of Soho.
This collection will assemble key documents representing both the official and general view of these various activities, providing readers with a cross section of interpretations and a solid grounding in the material that shaped policy change, cultural interpretation, and social action.
Table of Contents
Volume 3: Efforts to control, restrict, and prohibit: Alcohol
Part 1. Against ardent spirits. Early temperance
- Lyman Gilbert, Reasons for Temperance: A Discourse, Delivered at the Anniversary of the Newton Temperance Society and Lyceum, January 21 1829 (Boston: Lincoln & Edmands, 1829), pp. 3-24.
- American Temperance Society, Permanent Temperance Documents of the American Temperance Society Vol 1 (Boston, MA: Seth Bliss and Perkins, Marvin, and Co., 1835), pp. 1-14; Appendix A, pp 63-64.
- Testimony of Rev Father Chiniquy, ‘Report of the Select Committee appointed to inquire whether any, and what measures can be adopted to repress the evils growing out of intemperance’, Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada 1849 (Appendix ZZZ).
- Frederick Douglas, ‘Father Matthew’, 1849, The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress Manuscript/Mixed Material.
- Charles Lenox Remond, ‘Untitled Speech on Temperance and Slavery’, Liberator, 30 October 1840.
- Frances E. W. Harper, ‘John Anderson’s Saloon’, in Sowing and Reaping: A Temperance Story. [nd]
- Joseph Livesey, Lecture on Malt Liquor (London: National Temperance League Publication Depot, nd), pp. 2-16.
Part 2. Well organized, institutionalized late century temperance
- T. S. Arthur, ‘The Drunkard’s Bible’, and ‘Signing the Pledge’, in Six Nights with the Washingtonians and other Temperance Tales (Philadelphia: T B Peterson and Brothers, 1871), pp. 89-92, 101-106.
- Frances E. Willard, ‘W. C. T. U. Work for the Home’, and ‘My First Home Protection Address’, Woman and Temperance (Hartford, Conn.: Park Publishing Co., 1884), pp. 235-54, 450-59.
- Letitia Youmans, ‘Visit to Toronto’, Campaign Echoes: The Autobiography of Mrs. Letitia Youmans (Toronto: William Briggs, 1893), pp. 133-40.
- John Burns, Labour and Drink (Bristol: Western Temperance Press, 1914), pp. 1-3, 8-9, 11-13, 15, 22-26, 29-30, 39-40, 44-45, 49-51.
- P. Snowden, ‘The Problem Stated’, in Socialism and the Drink Question (London: Independent Labour Party, 1908): 1-17.
- Lilian Brandt, ‘Alcoholism and Social Problems’, The Survey, 25, October 1910, 17-22.
Part 3. The industry fights back
- Thomann, Gallus, Real and Imaginary Effects of Intemperance (New York: US Brewers Association, 1884), pp. 34-39 66-72, 84-88, 94-99.
- Joseph W. Warren, ‘Alcohol Again: A Consideration of Recent Misstatements of its Physiological Action’, Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 117, 1, 1887, 25-29.
- T. C. Down, The Teetotal Tyrant: Being Illustrations of Teetotal Methods Under a Prohibitory Liquor Law Together with Remarks on the Present Position in Great Britain (London: .J S. Philips, 1898), pp. 7-16.
- Charles W. Eliot, ‘A Summary of Investigations Concerning the Legislative Aspects of the Liquor Problem’, in The Liquor Problem: A Summary of investigations conducted by the Committee of Fifty 1893-1903 prepared by John S. Billings, Charles, W. Eliot, Henry W. Farnmahm, Jacob L. Greene, And Francis G. Peabody (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co, 1905), pp. 45-78.
Part 4. Solutions to the problem: Prohibition and local option
- H. S. Clubb, The Maine Liquor Law: Its Origin, History, and Results (New York: Fowler and Wells, 1856), pp. 88-89, 92-98.
- F. R. Lees, ‘That the Legislative Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic is Perfectly Compatible with Rational Liberty, and with All the Claims of Justice and Legitimate Commerce’, An Argument for the Legislative Prohibition of the Liquor Traffic (Manchester: United Kingdom Alliance, 1856), pp. 133-47.
- E. King Dodds, The Scott Act: Reasons Why the Electors Should Vote Against It. Temperance by Act of Parliament a Farce (Toronto: Lovell Brothers, 1880), pp. 2-5.
- H. J. Ellison, Local Option-Local Control (Edinburgh: John Menzies, 1882), pp. 3-14.
- S. E. Nicholson, ‘The Local-Option Movement’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 32, November 1908, 1-5.
- P. A. Baker, ‘Report of General Superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League of America: A Backward Glance’, Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Convention of the Anti-Saloon League of America, Twenty Year Jubilee Convention (Westerville, OH: American Issue Publishing Co, 1913): 56-70.
Part 5. Solutions to the problem: Licensing
- House of Commons [UK] Report from the Select Committee on Inquiry into Drunkenness with Minutes of Evidence and Appendix, 5 August 1834, p. iii-xi.
- House of Lords [UK] Report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords Appointed to Consider the Operation of the Acts for the Sale of Beer and to Report Thereon to the House together with the Minutes of Evidence (Sessions 1849 & 1850), pp. iii-vii.
- ‘Report Relative to the General Working of the Tavern and Shop Licenses Acts’, Sessional Paper No 7, Sessional Papers of the Province of Ontario, (1874), pp. 15-20.
- Ontario, ‘License Report’, Sessional Paper #42, Sessional Papers of Ontario (1877) Schedule F report by Henry Totten, pp. 32-35.
- Royal Commission on the Liquor Traffic, Sessional Papers (no. 21), Minutes of Evidence, Vol 1, Evidence of Charles C. Pearce, License Inspector, Owen Sound, 20 October 1893, pp. 548-550.
- John P. Peters, ‘Suppression of the "Raines Law Hotels"’ Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, XXXVII, November 1908, 86-96.
- David Stauber, ‘Attitude of the Distillers and Wholesale Liquor Dealers on the Regulation of Liquor Traffic’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, XXXVII, November 1908, 69-74.
Part 6. Solutions to the problem: disinterested management
- Bailie Lewis, ‘Lecture, delivered at a public meeting held in Queen Street Hall, Edinburgh, 14th July 1873 ’, The Gothenburg Licensing System (Edinburgh: William Oliphant & Co, 1873), pp. 4-5, 8-20, 22-29, 34-37.
- Report of the Committee of the Municipality of Stockholm on the Proposed Adoption of the Gothenburg Licensing System, translated with a preface by David Carnegie (Edinburgh: R. Grant & Son, 1876, pp. 3-5, 7-15.
- Francis John Jayne, ‘Successful Public-House Reform’, North American Review, 158, May 1894, 520-28.
- Joseph Rowntree and Arthur Sherwell, ‘Statement of Principles and Conditions of Success’ in British ‘Gothenburg’ Experiments and Public-House Trusts (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1901), pp. 1-8.
- Toronto Mail and Empire, ‘Earl Grey Tells of Liquor Trust’, 3 March 1902.
- Benjamin Tillman, ‘Our Whiskey Rebellion’, North American Review, 158, May 1894, 513-19.
- Raymond Calkins, ‘A Summary of Investigations Concerning Substitutes for the Saloon’, in John S. Billings, Charles W. Eliot, Henry W. Farnam, Jacob L. Green and Francis G. Peabody, The Liquor Problem: A Summary of Investigations Conducted by the Committee of Fifty 1893-1903, (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1905), pp. 145-82.