In many countries, considerable uncertainty still exists about the contribution of drinking water to sporadic cases of disease. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO), led the Workshop on Molecular Technologies for Safe Drinking Water in 1998 to address the role of water in the transmission of infectious disease. One of the results was a call for improved surveillance and outbreak investigation. Drinking Water and Infectious Disease: Establishing the Links, derived from an OECD workshop hosted by the UK government in Basingstoke, addresses that crucial recommendation.
Unlike books that give a broad view on the public health issues regarding water and health, this book focuses on the tools available to identify the links between drinking water and infectious disease and how they might be used. It gathers state-of-the-art information from an international team of experts, including most of the world's leading authorities on waterborne disease epidemiology and investigation, to provide an overview of current best practices and direction for assessing the safety of drinking water and responding to adverse events.
Organized into three sections, this user-friendly text is the only book to put forward clear guidance on the surveillance for and investigation of waterborne infectious disease at the local, national, and international levels. Based on an OECD international meeting, each section is introduced by the relevant session chairs, and includes research approaches using models and innovative field experiences to provide a wide selection of ideas for others to field test or modify. Researchers will be able to use this information not only to study the epidemiology of infectious diseases, but also to investigate and prevent waterborne diseases. Drinking Water and Infectious Disease is a landmark text in both the field of waterborne disease and more generally in infectious disease epidemiology.
Table of Contents
Surveillance of Waterborne Disease, Pierre Payment
Principles and Components of Surveillance Systems, Paul R. Hunter
Local Surveillance Systems, Catherine Quigley, James J. Gibson, and Paul R. Hunter
National Surveillance Systems, Ros Stanwell-Smith, Yvonne Andersson, and Deborah A. Levy
International Surveillance, Paul R. Hunter
Investigation of Outbreaks of Waterborne Disease, Will Roberston and Al Dufour
A Systems Approach to the Investigation and Control of Waterborne Outbreaks, Catherine Quigley and Paul R. Hunter
Early Detection of Water-Related Disease Outbreaks, Jim Black and Christopher K. Fairley
Microbiology and the Investigation of Waterborne Outbreaks: Typing of Norwalk-Like Virus, Carl-Henrick von Bonsdorff and Leena Maunula
Microbiology and the Investigation of Waterborne Outbreaks: The Use of Cryptosporidium Typing in the Investigation of Waterborne Disease, Gordon Nichols and Jim McLauchlin
Engineering Considerations in the Investigation of Waterborne Outbreaks, Kim R. Fox
Causes of Waterborne Outbreaks Reported in the United States, 1991-98, Gunther F. Craun, Rebecca L. Calderon, and Nena Nwachuku
Cryptosporidium in England and Wales, W. Mike Waite and Peter Jiggins
Investigation of Sporadic Waterborne Disease, Jamie Bartram
Using Existing Surveillance-Based Data, Gordon Nichols
Geographical Information Systems, Friederike Dangendorf, Susanne Herbst, Martin Exner, and Thomas Kistemann
Time Series Analyses, Pascal Beaudeau
Seroepidemiology, Floyd J. Frost, Tim Muller, Twila Kunde, Gunther Craun, and Rebecca Calderon
Case-Control Studies, Brent Robertson, Christopher K. Fairley, Jim Black, and Martha Sinclair
Prospective Epidemiological Studies, Denis Zmirou and Leila Gofti-Laroche
Intervention Studies, Pierre Payment and Paul R. Hunter
Prospective Studies of Endemic Waterborne Disease in Developing Countries, Christine L. Moe
"Drinking Water and Infectious Disease should appeal to anyone who is interested in learning more about the state-of-the-art in the investigation and control of water-borne disease…The organization of chapters and the excellent introductions to each chapter make it easy for the reader to pick and choose…The excellent "how to" chapters pull no punches in detailing the challenges and weaknesses of each approach"
- New England Journal of Medicine, 2003