Rapid population growth, demand for increased food resources and other political,economic and social stresses have all contributed to building up pressure fordevelopment of marginal regions in both developed and developing countries.Ecological issues are also adding up to and increasing marginalization of regionsand social groups due to the pressure on natural resources. Broadly speakingmarginal regions are perceived in concepts of centre-periphery (fringes) and boundariesand frontiers. In developing countries marginal regicns are the combinedeffects of ecological, economic and social factors. For understanding the abovecomplex issues, the Study Group on Development Issues in Marginal Regionswas established in August 1992 at the Washington International GeographicalCongress.
Table of Contents
Foreword -- Preface -- Telecom and Marginality: Modern Technology to Prevent Marginalization? -- The Future of Marginal Regions: Networking, Knowhow and Integration as Motors for Regional Development -- Rural Area Typology in Finland—Marginality within Rural Areas -- Uncultivated Fields in Finland and Their Utilization Possibilities from the Point of View of Rural Landscape Management -- Journeys to Work in Finland -- The Norwegian “Location Act”—An Example of the Use of Symbols in Regional Policy -- Societal Impact of Tourism: Empirical Evidence from Norway -- Towards a New Micro- and Macroregional Fragmentation in Sweden -- Developing Musical Life in a Swedish County -- Evaluating Marginality through Agriculture Indicators -- Evaluating Marginality through Demographic Indicators* -- The Study of a Marginal Area in the Extreme East of the Pyrenees Mountain Range: The Case of Portbou (Girona, Spain)* -- Farm Development Routes in a Tuscan (Central Italy) Marginal Area* -- A Methodological Proposal for Farm Classification* -- Tradition and Modernization in the Agricultural Development of a Tuscan (Central Italy) Marginal Area: The Role of Advisory and Extension Services* -- Regional Development and Policy Response in the Czech Republic -- Technological Development and Territorial Marginalization -- Micro-marginality in Michigan: Recent Patterns and Trends -- Winds of Change on the U.S. Great Plains -- Grazing on Public Lands: A New Mexico Case Study -- “Grassroots” Economic Development at San Luis, Colorado, USA -- Local Government Restructuring in Tasmania: Community Response and Attitudes to Development -- Marginality and Tenure: The Fertile Crescent and Africa -- Relations between a Depressed District and an Innovative Agro-industry* ** -- Environmental Impact of Resource Use Activities on Coastal Zones in Taiwan -- Environmental Disasters in Marginal Areas: A Study of Road Construction Induced Impacts in a Himalayan Yamuna Catchment