Rapid population growth, demand for increased food resources and other political,economic and social stresses have all contributed to building up pressure fordevelopment of marginal regions in both developed and developing countries.Ecological issues are also adding up to and increasing marginalization of regionsand social groups due to the pressure on natural resources. Broadly speakingmarginal regions are perceived in concepts of centre-periphery (fringes) and boundariesand frontiers. In developing countries marginal regicns are the combinedeffects of ecological, economic and social factors. For understanding the abovecomplex issues, the Study Group on Development Issues in Marginal Regionswas established in August 1992 at the Washington International GeographicalCongress.
Table of Contents
FOREWORD -- PREFACE -- LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS -- Walter Leimgruber - Telecom and Marginality: Modern Technology to Prevent Marginalization? -- Heikki Jussila and Esko Toiviainen - The Future of Marginal Regions: Networking, Knowhow and Integration as Motors for Regional Development -- P. Malinen - Rural Area Typology in Finland-Marginality within Rural Areas -- Matti Hakkila - Uncultivated Fields in Finland and Their Utilization Possibilities from the Point of View of Rural Landscape Management -- Toivo Muilu - Journeys to Work in Finland -- Paul Olav Berg - The Norwegian "Location Act"-An Example of the Use of Symbols in Regional Policy -- Sigrid Almedal - Societal Impact of Tourism: Empirical Evidence from Norway -- Ulf Wiberg - Towards a New Micro- and Macroregional Fragmentation in Sweden -- Lennart Andersson - Developing Musical Life in a Swedish County -- Roser Majoral - Evaluating Marginality through Agriculture Indicators -- Dolores Sanchez Aguilera - Evaluating Marginality through Demographic Indicators -- Jaume Font Garolera and Joan Tort Donada - The Study of a Marginal Area in the Extreme East of the Pyrenees. Mountain Range: The Case of Portbou (Girona, Spain) -- Nathalie Gouerec and Vittorio Tellarini - Farm Development Routes in a Tuscan (Central Italy) Marginal Area -- Maria Andreoli and Vittorio Tellarini - A Methodological Proposal for Farm Classification -- Maria Andreoli and Nathalie Gouerec - Tradition and Modernization in the Agricultural Development of a Tuscan (Central Italy) Marginal Area: The Role of Advisory and Extension Services -- Jirf Blazek - Regional Development and Policy Response in the Czech Republic -- Jacek I. Romanowski - Technological Development and Territorial Marginalization -- Lawrence M. Sommers and Assefa Mehretu - Micro-marginality in Michigan: Recent Patterns and Trends -- Richard E. Lonsdale - Winds of Change on the U.S. Great Plains -- Bradley T. Cullen - Grazing on Public Lands: A New Mexico Case Study -- A.J. Larson and J. Dietz - "Grassroots" Economic Development at San Luis, Colorado, USA -- Peter Scott - Local Government Restructuring in Tasmania: Community Response and Attitudes to Development -- David Grossman - Marginality and Tenure: The Fertile Crescent and Africa -- Marfa Estela Furlani De Civit, Marfa Josefina Gutierrez De Manch6n, Griselda GarCia De Martin and Eduardo E.Perez Rogmanoli - Relations between a Depressed District and an Innovative Agro-industry -- Chang-Yi David Chang - Environmental Impact of Resource Use Activities on Coastal Zones in Taiwan -- A.B. Singh and Sarita Ghai - Environmental Disasters in Marginal Areas: A Study of Road Construction Induced Impacts in a Himalayan Yamuna Catchment.