Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement is a virtual encyclopedia of state-of-the-art information on the use of constructed wetlands for improving water quality. Well-organized and easy-to-use, this book features contributions from prominent scientists and provides important case studies. It is ideal for anyone involved in the application of constructed wetlands in treating municipal and industrial wastewater, mine drainage, and non-point source pollution. Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement is a "must" for industrial and municipal water treatment professionals, consulting engineers, federal and state regulators, wetland scientists and professionals, ecologists, environmental health professionals, planners, and industrial environmental managers.
Table of Contents
General Considerations: Constructed Wetlands: Scientific Foundations are Critical (R. Wetzel). Wastewater Treatment in Constructed Wetlands System Design, Removal Processes, and Treatment Performance (H. Brix). Constructed Wetlands and Aquatic Plant Systems: Research, Design, Operational, and Monitoring Issues (G. Tchobanoglous). Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Performance Database (R. Knight, R. Kadlec, and S. Reed). The Use of Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment and Recycling (R. Bastian and D. Hammer). Constructed Wetlands Experience in the Southeast (R. Freeman, Jr.). Engineering: Hydrological Design of Free Water Surface Treatment Wetlands (R. Kadlec and D. Urban). Hydrogeology and Ground Water Monitoring, Constructed Wetlands System, Perdido Landfill, Escambia County, Florida (P. Dohms). Development of Criteria for the Design and Construction of Engineered Aquatic Treatment Units in Texas (A. Cueto). Engineering and Environmental Assessment of Enhanced Bolsa Chica Wetland (R. Walton, S. Bird, B. Ebersole, and L. Hales). Performance Evaluation of a Closed Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) Employing an Artificially Constructed Wetlands (B. Hilton). Acid Mine: Anoxic Limestone Drains to Enhance Performance of Aerobic Acid Drainage Treatment Wetlands: Experiences of the Tennessee Valley Authority (C. Brodie, C. Britt, T. Tomaszewski, and H. Taylor). Storm Event Effects on Constructed Wetlands Discharges (H. Taylor, K. Choate, and G. Brodie). Wetland Water Treatment Systems (S. Witthar). Staged, Aerobic Constructed Wetlands to Treat Acid Drainage: Case History of Fabius Impoundment 1 and Overview of the Tennessee Valley Authority's Program (G. Brodie). Successful Acid Mine Drainage and Heavy Metal Site Bioremediation (J. Davison). The Use of Wetland Treatment to Remove Trace Metals from Mine Drainage (P. Eger, G. Melchert, D. Antonson, and J. Wagner). A Comparison of Local Waste Materials for Sulfate Reducing Wetlands Substrate (M. Gross, S. Formica, L. Gandy, and J. Hestir). Contaminant Removal Capabilities of Wetlands Constructed to Treat Coal Mine Drainage (R. Hedin and R. Nairn). A Peat/Wetland Treatment Approach to Acidic Mine Abatement (T. Frostman). Subsurface Treatment: The Use of Reed Bed Systems to Treat Domestic Sewage: The European Design and Operations Guidelines for Reed Bed Treatment Systems (P. Cooper). Sustainable Suspended-Solids Accumulation in a Gravel Bed Treatment Wetland (R. Kadlec and J. Watson). Gravel Bed Hydroponic Sewage Treatment: Performance and Potential (J. Butler, M. Ford, E. May, R. Ashworth, and J. Williams). The Purification Efficiency of the Planted Soil Filter in See (R. Netter). Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment in Czechoslovakia: State of the Art (J. Vymazal). Subsurface Flow Wetlands at Mesquite Nevada (C. Lekven, R. Crites, and R. Beggs). Chemical Processes: Efficient Phosphorus Retention in Wetlands: Fact or Fiction? (C. Richardson and C. Craft). Fate of Non-Point Source Nitrate Loads in Freshwater Wetlands: Results from Experimental Wetland Mesocosms (W. Crumpton, T. Isenhart, and S. Fisher). Mechanisms of Wetland-Water Quality Interaction (C. Johnston). Pilot-Scale Nitrification Studies Using Vertical-Flow and Shallow Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetland Cells (J. Watson and A. Danzig). Phosphorus Removal from Wastewater in a Constructed Wetland (T. Davies and P. Cottingham). Nitrogen and Phosphorus Reduction in Secondary Effluent Using a 15-Acre, Multiple-Celled Reed Canarygrass (Phlaris aruninacea) Wetland (S. Geiger, J. Luzier, and J. Jackson). Water Supply System Utilizing the Edaphic-Phytodepuration Technique (E.S. Manfrinato, E.S. Filho, and E. Salati). Point and Non-Point Sources: Treating Livestock Wastewaters with Constructed Wetlands (D. Hammer, B. Pullin, T. McCaskey, J. Eason, and V. Payne). Evaluation of Aquatic Plants for Constructed Wetlands (D. Surrency). Controlling Agricultural Runoff by Use of Constructed Wetlands (M. Higgins, C. Rock, R. Bouchard, and B. Wengrezynek). Constructed Wetlands R & D Facility at TVA's National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (C. Breed). Stormwater Runoff Detention and Renovation: A Backlot Function or Integral Part of the Landscape? (D. Ferlow). Hydrophyte Considerations: Wetland Systems and Their Response to Management (G. Gunterspergen, J. Keough, and J. Allen). Macrophyte Mediated Oxygen Transfer in Wetlands: Transport Mechanisms and Rates (H. Brix). Control of Algae Using Duckweed (lemna) Systems (S. Hancock and L. Buddhavarapu). The Use of Typha latifoua for Heavy Metal Pollution Control in Urban Wetlands (R. Shutes, J. Ellis, D. Revitt, and T. Zhang). Growth of Soft-Stem Bulrush (Scirpus validus) Plants in a Gravel-Based Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland (M. Edwards, K. Brinkmann, and J. Watson). Species-Specific Aeration of Water by Different Vegetation Types in Constructed Wetlands (E. Stengel). Industrial Applications: Paper Pulp. Performance of a Constructed Marsh in the Tertiary Treatment of Bleach Kraft Pulp Mill Effluent: Results of a Two Year Pilot Project (R. Tettleton, F. Howell, and R. Reaves). The Feasibility of Treating Pulp Mill Effluent with Constructed Wetlands (R. Thut). Testing Color Removal from Pulp Mill Wastewaters with Constructed Wetlands (D. Hammer, B. Pullin, D. McMurry, and J. Lee). Microbial Populations and Decomposition Activity in Three Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands Systems (K. Hatano, C. Trehin, C. House, and A. Wollum). Interfacing Constructed Wetlands with Traditional Wastewater Biotreatment Systems (J. Boyd, O. McDonald, D. Hatcher, R. Portier, and R. Conway). Landfill Leachate. Effect of Season, Substrate Composition, and Plant Growth on Landfill Leachate Treatment in a Constructed Wetland (J. Surface, J. Peverly, T. Steenhuis, and W. Sanford). Mitigation of Landfill Leachate Incorporating In-Series Constructed Wetlands of a Closed-Loop Design (C. Martin, G. Moshiri, and C. Miller). Innovative Marsh Treatment Systems for Control of Leachate and Fish Hatchery Wastewaters (R. Hunter, A. Birkbeck, and G. Coombs). Petro Chemical. Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment at Amoco Oil Company's Mandan, North Dakota Refinery (D. Litchfield). Small Systems: Small Constructed Wetlands Systems for Domestic Wastewater Treatment and Their Performance (G. Steiner and D. Combs). General Design, Construction, and Operation Guidelines for Small Constructed Wetlands Wastewater Treatment Systems (J. Watson and K. Choate). TVA's Constructed Wetlands Demonstration (K. Choate, J. Watson, and G. Steiner). Reed Bed Treatment for Small Communities: U.K. Experience (B. Green and J. Upton). The Treatment of Septage Using Natural Systems (M. Ogden). Constructed Wetlands Wastewater Quality Improvement at Lynnvalle Elementary School (T. Terry). Biological Sludge Drying in Constructed Wetlands (S. Nielsen). Case Studies: Constructed Open Surface Wetlands: The Water Quality Benefits and Wildlife Benefits, City of Arcata, California (R. Gearhart and M. Higley). Constructed Wastewater Wetlands: The Answer in South Dakota's Challenging Environment (J. Dornbush). Application of Constructed Wetlands to Treat Wastewaters in Australia (T. Davies, P. Cottingham, and B. Hart). Creating a Wetlands Wildlife Refuge from a Sewage Lagoon (R. Lofgren). Production and Suppression of Mosquitos in Constructed Wetlands (K. Tennessen). The Integration of Seaweed Biofilters with Intensive Fish Ponds to Improve Water Quality and Recapture Nutrients (A. Neori). Treating Intensive Aquaculture Recycled Water with an Artificial Wetlands Filter System (W. Zachritz and R. Jacquez).