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Thermodynamics is an indispensable tool for developing a large and growing fraction of new polymers and polymer blends. These two volumes show the researcher how thermodynamics can be used to rank polymer pairs in order of immiscibility, including the search for suitable chemical structure of compatibilizers. Because of the great current commercial interest in this most dynamic sector of the polymer industry, there is high interest in studying their physical and mechanical properties, their structures, and the processes of their formation and manufacture. These Books are dedicated to Analysis of the Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends. Thermodynamic behavior of blends determines the compatibility of the components, their morphological features, rheological behavior, and microphase structures. As a result, the most important physical and mechanical characteristics of blends can be identified.
Table of Contents
Preface Introduction References
Elements of Thermodynamics of Mixtures 2.1 Fundamentals 2.1.1 The Laws of Thermodynamics 2.1.2 Thermodynamic Functions and Relations 2.1.3 Mixtures 2.1.4 Composition Variables 2.2 Phase Equilibria 2.2.1 Phases 2.2.2 Gibbs Phase Rule 2.2.3 Free Energy of Mixing 2.2.4 Phase Stability 2.2.5 Phase Diagrams 2.2.6 Multicomponent Mixtures 2.2.7 Crystallizable Components 2.3 Ideal Mixtures 2.4 Regular Mixtures 2.4.1 Deviations from Ideality 2.4.2 Regular Mixtures 2.5 Solubility Parameters 2.5.1 Group Contribution Methods 2.5.2 Topological Contributions 2.6 Lattice Theories 2.6.1 Entropy of Mixing 2.6.2 Heat of Mixing References
Basic Thermodynamics of Polymeric Mixtures 3.1 Polymers 3.1.1 Introduction 3.1.2 Molecular Weight Distributions 3.2 Single Chain Statistics 3.2.1 The Ideal Chain 3.2.2 Real Chains 3.2.3 A Real Chain in a Solvent 3.2.4 A Real Chain in the Melt 3.3 Ideal Polymer Mixtures 3.3.1 Introduction 3.3.2 Ideal Polymeric Mixtures 3.3.3 Derivation of the Flory-Huggins Entropy of Mixing 3.3.4 Alternative Derivations 3.3.5 Huggins Correction 3.4 Regular Polymer Mixtures 3.4.1 Generalized Regular Polymer Mixtures 3.5 Phase Diagrams 3.6 The Effect of Moleculr Weight Distributions 3.6.1 Introduction 3.6.2 Spinodal and Critical Point 3.6.2 Binodal and Flash Calculations 3.6.4 Example References
Polymer Thermodynamic Models 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Flory-Huggins Models 4.3 Equation-of-State Models 4.3.1 Key Concepts 184.108.40.206 Helmholtz Free Energy 220.127.116.11 Corresponding States 18.104.22.168 Cell Partition Function 22.214.171.124 Chain Flexibility Parameter 4.3.2 The Flory EoS Theory 4.3.3 Hole Models 126.96.36.199 Key Concepts 188.8.131.52 Holes and Huggins 4.4. Specific Interaction Models 4.4.1 Key Concepts 4.4.2 Interaction Strengths 4.4.3 Generalizations 4.5 The (n=0) Vector Model 4.6 Prism Theory References
Computer Simulations 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Computer Simulations and Statistical Mechanics 5.2.1 Introduction 5.2.2. The Boltzmann Distribution 5.2.3 Ensembles 5.3 Molecular Dynamics 5.4 Monte Carlo Simulations 5.5 Simulation of Small Systems 5.5.1 Periodic Boundary Conditions 5.6 Simulations of Polymeric Systems 5.6.1 Single Chain Simulations 5.6.2 Simulations of Many Chains References
Experimental Findings 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Experimental Techniques 6.2.1 Scattering Techniques 184.108.40.206 Cloud Point Methods 220.127.116.11 Spinodal Decomposition 18.104.22.168 Light Scattering 22.214.171.124 Dilute Polymer Solutions 126.96.36.199 Neutron Scattering 6.2.2 Heats of Mixing 6.2.3 Glass Transition Temperature 6.3 Experimental Results and Model Validations 6.3.1 Polymer Solutions 188.8.131.52 Polystyrene in Cyclohexane 184.108.40.206 Other Polymer Solutions 6.3.2 Polymer Blends 220.127.116.11 Polystyrene in Polyvinyl Methyl Ether 18.104.22.168 Some Typical Polymeric Mixtures References
List of Symbols Index
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