This book explores the major topics in comparative economic systems, using an approach that is similar to that of Janos Kornai, the Hungarian economist. The text is organized in three parts, the first is a discussion of property rights and the role of the state in the context of historical evolution. Part two examines the varieties of socialist organization. It begins with the basic ideas envisioned by Marx and Engels and proceeds to analyze the Hungarian, Chinese, Soviet, East German and Yugoslavian alternatives. The author discusses the current reform movement in socialist economies, the causes of change, the reasons for past failures and the barriers to successful reform in the future. Part three presents the capitalist alternatives, including discussion of the Japanese, Swedish and West German economies. The author considers the use of industrial policy in these countries as a means of coping with market failure.
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The U.S. health care system faces well-known problems: 47 million people without health insurance, rapidly rising costs that consume 16 percent of the country's economic output, and widely uneven quality of care. Even many people with coverage are experiencing serious problems paying for the rapidly rising costs of health care and insurance.This book - a joint product of the National Academy of Public Administration and the National Academy of Social Science - undertakes a sweeping analysis of the management and administrative issues that arise in expanding health care coverage. The book identifies the core administrative functions that need to be performed in assuring access to health coverage, describes how these functions are performed at present and under proposed alternatives, draws lessons from experience in the U.S. and abroad, and assesses suggested administrative approaches designed to facilitate the improvement and expansion of health care coverage.Adequate health care is one of today's most crucial domestic policy concerns. "Expanding Access to Health Care" is designed to bring together in one place some of the best thinking on the subject, not as an exercise in advocacy, but rather to lay out the issues in a balanced way so that policymakers, researchers, and citizens can better understand the complex details of health care reform.