The post-Cold War world has seen the emergence of new kinds of security threats. Whilst traditionally security threats were perceived of in terms of military threats against a state, non-traditional security threats are those that pose a threat to various internal competencies of the state and its identity both home and abroad. The European Union and the United States have identified Latin American cocaine trafficking as a security threat, but their policy responses to it have differed. This book examines the ways in which the EU and the US have conceptualized this threat. Furthermore, it explores the impact of cocaine trafficking on four state functions - economic, political, public order and diplomatic - in order to explain why it has become 'securitized'. Appealing to a variety of university courses, this book is especially relevant to security studies and European and US policy analysis, as well as criminology and sociology.
'...extremely readable and cogently argued account of the securitization of cocaine trafficking, highlighting different policy responses by the EU and the US. This scholarly work draws from a wealth of interviews, and should be of interest not only to academics, policy makers and practitioners in this area, but also to a wider international relations audience.' Mike King, Birmingham City University, UK 'In order to demonstrate that the politics of the European Union and the United States towards the flow of cocaine coming from Latin America differ considerably, Fukumi first explains the security problems posed by drug trafficking then, thanks to an in-depth study of Plan Colombia, discusses the divergences between the two partner powers of the Colombian government. As well-ordered as music manuscript paper, from a research point of view this work is impeccable.' Etudes Internationales 'Comparative work in criminology is quite rare; comparative work in criminal justice policy is even more rare. Sayaka Fukumi provides a comprehensive review of policy responses to cocaine trafficking by the European Union and the United States. The book provides an encyclopedic review of the policy responses... this work is a very valuable reference document for those interested in studying drug control policy with regard to cocaine... The book is destined to become an important reference text in understanding and documenting the response of the European Union and the United States to cocaine trafficking from the Andes region.' Crime Law and Social Change