Temperature and precipitation increase and decrease because of natural causes. However, anthropogenic changes, such as an enhanced greenhouse effect, may result in alterations in the regional climate and in relative sea level. Serious changes in climate and sea level-with adverse effects particularly along low-lying coasts-would affect millions of people. Climate Change takes an in-depth, worldwide look at coastal habitation with respect to these natural and anthropogenic changes.
No universally applicable coastal model can be used to describe climatic changes. This unique book provides individual discussions of beaches and barrier islands, cliffs, deltas, tidal flats and wetlands, reefs, and atolls. The impact of climatic change on coastal ecology and agriculture is investigated, and human responses to the effects of climatic change along the world's coasts are included.
Table of Contents
Introduction, D. Eisma
The World Heat Budget: Expected Changes, C.J.E. Schuurmans
Recorded Sea Level Variability in the Holocene and Expected Future Changes, N.-A. Mörner
Present and Future Sea Level: The Effects of Predicted Global Changes, E.C.F. Bird
River Flux to the Sea: Impact of Human Intervention on River Systems and Adjacent Coastal Areas, J.D. Milliman and M. Ren
Response of Estuaries to Climate Change, K.R. Dyer
Effects of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Sedimentation and Erosion, J.T. Wells
Sea Level Rise: A Worldwide Assessment of Risk and Protection Costs, F.M.J. Hoozemans and C.H. Hulsbergen
Impact of Climatic Change on Coastal Cities, T.J. Deelstra
Impact of Climate Change on the Ecology of Temperate Coastal Wetlands, Beaches, and Dunes, V. Noest, E. van der Maarel, and F. van der Meulen
Impact of Climatic Change on Coral Reefs, Mangroves, and Tropical Seagrass Ecosystems, A.J. Edwards
Impact of Climatic Change on Coastal Agriculture, R. Brinkman