Chemical Exposure Predictions discusses the challenges of analyzing biological and geological cycles of various chemical substances and evaluating their potential exposure "from the cradle to the grave." The book examines physico-chemical properties, the possibilities for predicting degradation, and partition coefficients and kinetics of distribution phenomena. It also covers how to validate predictions and presents examples of hazard assessment. Chemical Exposure Predictions will be an indispensable reference for environmental chemists, environmental toxicologists, ecotoxicologists, occupational health specialists, regulatory personnel, and environmental consultants.
Table of Contents
Exposure Prediction: A Proposal for a Program of Work. List of Participants. Limitations on the Calculation of Physicochemical Properties (J. Altschuh and R. Brüggemann). Photochemical Processes Contributing to Abiotic Degradation in the Environment (W. Klöpffer). Predictions of Chemical Transformation Rates of Organic Pollutants in Aquatic Systems (D. Macalady and R. Schwarzenbach). Quantitative Structure-Biodegradability Relationships for Predictive Purposes (P. Vasseur, P. Kuenemann, and J. Devillers). Volatilization of Chemicals from Water Bodies (P. Isnard). Mobility of Organic Chemicals in Soil Sorption Measurements and Modeling (W. Kördel, B. Oepen, and M. Klein). Transport and Behavior in Soil (M. Matthies). The Prediction of Fate and Exposure of Organic Chemicals in Aquatic Sediments (B. Harland, P. Matthiessen, and R. Murray-Smith). Prediction of Plant Uptake of Organic Xenobiotics by Chemical Substance and Plant Properties (I. Scheunert, R. Schroll, and S. Trapp). Bioconcentration of Non-Polar Xenobiotics in Terrestrial Plant Biomass (C. Gaggi, D. Calamari, and E. Bacci). A Simple Model for Ranking the Hazard to Humans from Pesticide Vapors in Greenhouses (E. Bacci, D. Calamari, and C. Gaggi). Application of Simple Partitioning Models in Hazard Assessment (D. Calamari and A. DiGuardo). Prediction from the Past: Fate of Selected Persistent Chemicals in the Environment (J. Paasivirta). Linear Compartmental Models (J. de Greef). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Hazard Assessment in the Regulatory Framework of Chemicals Control in the EEC (P. Greiner).