It is by fitting the world into neatly defined boxes that Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain philosophers were able to gain unparalleled insights into the nature of reality, God, language and thought itself. Such categories aimed to encompass the universe, the mind and the divine within an all-encompassing system, from linguistics to epistemology, logic and metaphysics, theology and the nature of reality. Shedding light on the way in which Indian philosophical traditions crafted an elaborate picture of the world, this book brings Indian thinkers into dialogue with modern philosophy and global concerns. For those interested in philosophical traditions in general, this book will establish a foundation for further comparative perspectives on philosophy. For those concerned with the understanding of Indic culture, it will provide a platform for the continued renaissance of research into India's rich philosophical traditions.
Table of Contents
Contents: Foreword: remarks on the philosophical use of categories, Gavin Flood; Introduction: the importance of ’thinking inside the box’, Jessica Frazier; VyÄkaraá¹‡a: BhÄva as the ultimate category, Eivind Kahrs; NyÄya: pramÄá¹‡a (knowledge-generators) as natural kinds, Stephen Phillips; SÄá¹ƒkhya: the analysis of experience in classical sÄá¹ƒkhya, Mikel Burley; VedÄnta: metaphors for the category of existence, Jessica Frazier; Early vaiÅ›eá¹£ika: the concept of categories in vaiÅ›eá¹£ika philosophy, Shashiprabha Kumar; Later vaiÅ›eá¹£ika: the ’seven category ontology’ reaffirmed, Jonardon Ganeri; Madhyamaka: conventional categories in madhyamaka philosophy, Jan Westerhoff; Jainism: from ontology to taxonomy in the jaina colonisation of the universe, W. J. Johnson; Historical perspectives: the origin of categories in Indian philosophy, Johannes Bronkhorst; The order of things: the goals and categories of categorisation in India, Jessica Frazier; Bibliography; Appendices; Index.
’This is a learned and insightful collection of papers, focussed on a theme - categorisation - that has become widely recognized as both culturally informative and philosophically important. Given the range and sophistication of categorisation in the classical Indian tradition, this volume is timely and illuminating. The essays do a fine job of introducing, exploring, and interpreting a myriad of texts and practices of categorisation, and will be of interest not only to specialists and students of Indian philosophy but to those interested more generally in the comparative study of philosophical traditions.’ Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad, Lancaster University, UK 'This wonderful book about classification in Indian philosophy goes to the heart of questions about how we understand the world and the nature of rationality itself. The book is truly interdisciplinary with contributions from philosophers and philologists; it breaks new ground in understanding the concerns of Indian philosophy and their contemporary relevance.' Gavin Flood, Oxford University, UK