This timely reference presents the state of the art of the emerging and rapidly changing field of bioremediation of chlorinated solvents, PCBs, and other chlorinated compounds, as well as PAHs, both in situ and on site. This landmark publication reports significant advances in bioremediation, with an emphasis on practical applications and state-of-the-art developments. Laboratory and field-oriented reviews are presented with the objective of tying treatability studies and recent laboratory developments to field applications. No other reference source gives you access to the most current techniques and methods for the bioremediation of chlorinated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds. This book represents the work of leading experts in the fields of in situ and on-site bioremediation from North America, Europe, and Asia. The chapters include current field applications and laboratory studies undertaken, in some cases, in countries with regulatory standards more stringent than those of the United States.
Table of Contents
Degradation Kinetics of Chlorinated Solvents by a Propane-Oxidizing Enrichment Culture. A Field Evaluation of In Situ Microbial Reductive Dehalogenation by the Biotransformation of Chlorinated Ethenes. Bioremediation of Trichloroethylene-Contaminated Soils by a Methane-Utilizing Bacterium Methylocystis SP. M. Evaluating Trichloroethene Biodegradation by Measuring the In Situ Status and Activities of Microbial Populations. Constitutive Degradation of Trichloroethylene by an Altered Bacterium in a Gas-Phase Bioreactor. Biodegradation of Carbon Tetrachloride under Anoxic Conditions. Comparative Efficiency of Microbial Systems for Destroying Carbon Tetrachloride Contamination in Hanford Groundwater. Anaerobic Biotransformation and Transport of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Groundwater. In Situ Bioremediation at a Wood-Preserving Site in a Cold, Semi-Arid Climate: Feasibility and Field Pilot Design. Practicability of In Situ Bioremediation at a Wood-Preserving Site. Biological Treatability Studies on Surface Impoundment Sludge from a Chemical Manufacturing Facility. Effects of Different Hydropneumatic In Situ Remediation Systems. A Biotreatment-Train Approach to a PCP-Contaminated Site: In Situ Bioremediation Coupled with an Aboveground Bifar System Using Nitrate as the Electron Acceptor. Investigations on the Microbial Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Contaminated Soils. Bioremediation of Water and Soils Contaminated with Creosote: Suspension and Fixed-Film Bioreactors vs. Constructed Wetlands and Plowing vs. Solid Peroxygen Treatment. Relative Rates of Biodegradation of Biodegradation of Substituted Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Pathways of Microbial Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil. Studies on the Microbial Ecology of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Biodegradation. Degradation of Chlorinated Phenols and Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins by Phanerochaete Chrysosporium. Field Evaluations of the Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Wood-Preserving Chemicals Using Lignin-Degrading Fungi. A Field and Modeling Comparison of In Situ Transformation of Trichloroethylene by Methane Utilizers and Phenol Utilizers. Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents in the Vadose Zone. Adaptation of Bacteria to Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Degradation. Potential Applications of Phage Display to Bioremediation. Improving the Biodegradative Capacity of Subsurface Bacteria. Natural Anaerobic Degradation of Chlorinated Solvents at a Canadian Manufacturing Plant. Environmental Restoration Using Plant-Microbe Bioaugmentation. Transformation of Tetrachloromethane under Denitrifying Conditions by a Subsurface Bacterial Consortium and Its Isolates. Change in Trichloroethylene Decomposition Activity of Methylocystis SP.M During Batch Culture. Factors Affecting Transformation of Chlorinated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons by Methanotrophs. Transformation of Tetrachloroethene to Ethene in Mixed Methanogenic Cultures: Effect of Electron Donor, Biomass Levels, and Inhibitors. Evaluating In Situ Trichloroethene Biotransformation Using In Situ Microcosms. In Situ Remediation Using Anaerobic Biotransformation of Groundwater Contaminated with Chlorinated Solvents. Soluble Methane Monooxygenase Activity in Methylomonas Methanica 68-1 Isolated from a Trichloroethylene-Contaminated Aquifer. Trichloroethylene Cometabolism by Phenol-Degrading Bacteria in Sequencing Biofilm Reactors. Phenol-Induced TCE Degradation by Pure and Mixed Cultures in Batch Studies and Continuous-Flow Reactors. Comparison of Methanotrophic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of Chlorinated Ethenes in Groundwater. Laboratory Evaluation of Aerobic Transformation of Trichloroethylene in Groundwater Using Soil Column Studies. Evaluating Polychlorinated Biphenyl Bioremediation Processes: From Laboratory Feasibility Testing to Pilot Demonstrations. Concepts in Improving Polychlorinated Biphenyl Bioavailability to Bioremediation Strategies. Field Study of Aerobic Polychlorinated Biphenyl Biodegradation in Hudson River Sediments. Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated with the Herbicides 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2,4-D) and 4-Chloro-2-Methylphenoxyacetic Acid (MCPA). Fluidized-Bed Bioreclamation of Groundwater Contaminated with Chlorophenols. Application of a Structured Kinetic Model to the Bioremediation of Hanford Groundwater. Molecular Environmental Diagnostics of Trichloroethylene (TCE) Contaminated Subsurface Environments. Baseline Characterization and Remediation-Induced Changes in TCE Degradative Potential Using Enrichment Techniques and DNA Probe Analysis. Application of Microbial Biomass and Activity Measures to Assess In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents. Spatial Variability of Aerobic Degradation Potential for Organic Pollutants. In Situ Measurement of Degradation of Specific Organic Compounds under Aerobic, Denitrifying, Iron (III)-Reducing, and Methanogenic Groundwater Conditions. Anaerobic Metabolism of Chlorinated Benzenes in Soil under Different Redox Potentials. An Approach to the Regulation of Bioremediation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls. Degradation and Mineralization of Polychlorinated Biphenyls by White-Rot Fungi in Solid-Phase and Soil Incubation Experiments. Degradation of Environmental Pollutants by White-Rot Fungi. The Activated Soil Process: Production and Use of a Bacterial Consortium for the Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil from Wood-Preserving Industries. On-Site/Ex Situ Bioremediation of Industrial Soils Containing Chlorinated Phenols and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Screening for Natural Subsurface Biotransformation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons at a Former Manufactured Gas Plant. Considering Microbiological Conditions at a Former Manufactured Gas Plant. Preliminary Evidence of Anaerobic Microbial Activity in the Subsurface of a Former Manufactured Gas Plant. Subsurface Sampling Techniques Used for a Microbiological Investigation. Full-Scale Slurry-Phase Biological Treatment of Wood-Preserving Wastes. Slurry Bioremediation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediments from an Industrial Complex. Washing and Slurry-Phase Biotreatment of Creosote-Contaminated Soil. Demonstration of Soil Bioremediation and Toxicity Reduction by Fungal Treatment. Author List. Index.