As with nearly all living creatures, humans have always been attracted and intrigued by floral scents. Yet, while we have been manufacturing perfumes for at least 5000 years to serve a myriad of religious, sexual, and medicinal purposes, until very recently, the limitation of our olfactory faculty has greatly hindered our capacity to clearly and objectively measure scent. Today, thanks to advances in practical methodologies and affordable instrumentation, we are now able to collect, separate, and identify volatile compounds with aromatic impact. These advances are leading to much intensive investigation that has already resulted in many highly insightful and useful discoveries.
Biology of Floral Scent provides the first comprehensive treatment of the biology of floral scents. It reviews the impressive research being done across several disciplines, incorporating molecular biology, enzymology, chemistry, entomology, genetic engineering, and functional genomics. Organized into a single volume for the first time, this landmark work covers every major aspect of floral scent research including-
Function and significance in the interactions between plants and pollinators
Composition and enzymology
Commercial applications, including the use of recently identified scent genes to genetically engineer flowers to produce new scents
Meeting the needs of plant scientists, cell and molecular biologists, natural product chemists, pharmacognosists, and entomologists, as well as students in these fields, this work provides the background, findings, and insight that will stimulate new research to further advance an understanding of floral scent biology.
Table of Contents
CHEMISTRY OF FLORAL SCENT
Detection and Identification of Floral Scent Compounds; Dorothea Tholl and Ursula S.R. Röse
The Chemical Diversity of Floral Scent; Jette T. Knudsen and Jonathan Gershenzon
BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT
Floral Scent Metabolic Pathways: Their Regulation and Evolution; Natalia Dudareva and Eran Pichersky
Biosynthesis of Volatile Terpenes in the Flowers of the Model Plant; Arabidopsis thaliana; Dorothea Tholl and Eran Pichersky
An Integrated Genomics Approach to Identifying Floral Scent Genes in Rose; Alexander Vainstein, Efrain Lewinsohn, and David Weiss
CELL BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT
Localization of the Synthesis and Emission of Scent Compounds
Within the Flower; Uta Effmert, Diana Buss, Diana Rohrbeck, and Birgit Piechulla
Examination of the Processes Involved in the Emission of Scent Volatiles from Flowers; Reinhard Jetter
PLANT-INSECT INTERACTIONS AND POLLINATION ECOLOGY
Relationship Between Floral Fragrance Composition and Type
of Pollinator; Heidi E.M. Dobson
Floral Scent and Butterfly Pollinators; Susanna Andersson
Floral Scent and Pollinator Attraction in Sexually Deceptive Orchids; Manfred Ayasse
Detection and Coding of Flower Volatiles in Nectar-Foraging Insects; Mikael A. Carlsson and Bill S. Hansson
Learning-Based Recognition and Discrimination of Floral Odors; Brian H. Smith, Geraldine A. Wright, and Kevin C. Daly
Behavioral Responses to Floral Scent: Experimental Manipulations and the Interplay of Sensory Modalities; Robert A. Raguso
COMMERCIAL ASPECTS OF FLORAL SCENT
Molecular Engineering of Floral Scent; Joost Lücker, Harrie A. Verhoeven, Linus H.W. van der Plas, and Harro J. Bouwmeester
In an age of the triumphalism of molecular biology, in particular, the editors should be congratulated for recognizing the value of an approach that integrates plant physiology, genomics, whole organism biology, and dare we mention it here, even zoology.
—Steven D. Johnson, School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, in South African Journal of Botany, Vol. 73, No. 3
The book is organized into five sections ... and 14 chapters. Each chapter contains a list of references. These are mostly abundant, useful, and recent. The 27 authors of the book are experts in various disciplines, coming from the USA, Europe, Israel, and Canada. Tables, figures and images in black and white are abundant and contribute to understanding. ... This book is relevant to academic and industrial researchers interested in floral scent. It will have also impact [for] the academic syllabus of Floral Biology courses. ... it is a unique opportunity of reviewing the state of the art in this matter and learning about plant odor and scent.
—Concepción Obón, Applied Biology Department, University Miguel Hernández, Spain and Diego Rivera, Plant Biology Department, University of Murcia, Spain, in Economic Botany, 2007, Vol. 61, No. 1