As with nearly all living creatures, humans have always been attracted and intrigued by floral scents. Yet, while we have been manufacturing perfumes for at least 5000 years to serve a myriad of religious, sexual, and medicinal purposes, until very recently, the limitation of our olfactory faculty has greatly hindered our capacity to clearly and objectively measure scent. Today, thanks to advances in practical methodologies and affordable instrumentation, we are now able to collect, separate, and identify volatile compounds with aromatic impact. These advances are leading to much intensive investigation that has already resulted in many highly insightful and useful discoveries.
Biology of Floral Scent provides the first comprehensive treatment of the biology of floral scents. It reviews the impressive research being done across several disciplines, incorporating molecular biology, enzymology, chemistry, entomology, genetic engineering, and functional genomics. Organized into a single volume for the first time, this landmark work covers every major aspect of floral scent research including-
Function and significance in the interactions between plants and pollinators
Composition and enzymology
Commercial applications, including the use of recently identified scent genes to genetically engineer flowers to produce new scents
Meeting the needs of plant scientists, cell and molecular biologists, natural product chemists, pharmacognosists, and entomologists, as well as students in these fields, this work provides the background, findings, and insight that will stimulate new research to further advance an understanding of floral scent biology.
Table of Contents
CHEMISTRY OF FLORAL SCENT. Detection and Identification of Floral Scent Compounds. The Chemical Diversity of Floral Scent. BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT. Floral Scent Metabolic Pathways: Their Regulation and Evolution. Biosynthesis of Volatile Terpenes in the Flowers of the Model Plant Arabidopsis thaliana. An Integrated Genomics Approach to Identifying Floral Scent Genes in Rose. CELL BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FLORAL SCENT. Localization of the Synthesis and Emission of Scent Compounds Within the Flower. Examination of the Processes Involved in the Emission of Scent Volatiles from Flowers. PLANT-INSECT INTERACTIONS AND POLLINATION ECOLOGY. Relationship Between Floral Fragrance Composition and Type of Pollinator. Floral Scent and Butterfly Pollinators. Floral Scent and Pollinator Attraction in Sexually Deceptive Orchids. Detection and Coding of Flower Volatiles in Nectar-Foraging Insects. Learning-Based Recognition and Discrimination of Floral Odors. Behavioral Responses to Floral Scent: Experimental Manipulations and the Interplay of Sensory Modalities. COMMERCIAL ASPECTS OF FLORAL SCENT. Molecular Engineering of Floral Scent. Index.