With regional, national, and global processes affecting both the structure and function of lakes and rivers, assessment methodology must encompass many attributes to evaluate the impact of these processes on water quality. Many of the changes in biological communities correlate to resource exploitation, nonpoint pollutant interactions, and habitat alteration - factors that can be missed by routine chemical sampling. This creates the need for ecologically-based approaches to this problem.
Biological monitoring is a fundamental part of an ecologically-based approach. Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems brings together contributions by authors recognized as leaders in the development and utilization of biological monitoring techniques for freshwater ecosystems. It provides a conceptual framework for the use of biological monitoring to assess the environmental health of freshwater resources.
Biological monitoring is an important part of any water quality assessment program. Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems provides you with an understanding of water resources. It includes discussions concerning historical development, ecological basis, experimental design characteristics, case studies, and future concerns. As efforts to maintain and restore the world's water resources intensify, the need to develop accurate methods to assess the health of these resources becomes critical.
Table of Contents
An Ecological Context for Biological Monitoring, S.L. Loeb
Background and Perspective
Historical Perspective and Future Direction of Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems, H.B.N. Hynes
What are the Requirements for an Effective Biomonitor? R. Patrick
European Perspective on Biological Monitoring, P.F. Ghetti and O. Ravera
The Statistical Validity of Biomonitoring Data , J. Cairns, Jr. and E.P. Smith
Implementation of Large-Scale Stream Monitoring Efforts: Sampling Design and Data Analysis Issues, L.L. Conquest, S.C. Ralph, and R.J. Naiman
Spatial and Temporal Variation in Biological Monitoring Data, A.J. Stewart and J.M. Loar
Use of Ecoregions in Biological Monitoring, R.M. Hughes, S.A. Heiskary, W.J. Matthews, and C.O. Yoder
Bioassessment and Analysis of Functional Organization of Running Water Ecosystems, K.W. Cummins
Biodiversity, Biomonitoring, and the Structure of Stream Fish Communities, P.B. Moyle
Using Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community Structure for Rapid, Cost-Effective, Water Quality Monitoring: Rapid Bioassessment, D.R. Lenat and M.T. Barbour
Landscape Position, Scaling, and the Spatial Temporal Variability of Ecological Parameters: Considerations for Biological Monitoring, T.K. Kratz, J.J. Magnuson, T.M. Frost, B.J. Benson, and S.R. Carpenter
Paleoreconstruction of the Environmental Status of Aquatic Systems, D.F. Charles, J.P. Smol, and D.R. Engstrom
Biological Monitoring in the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program, S.G. Paulson and R.A. Linthurst
Design Considerations for Biological Components of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, M.E. Gurtz
Biological Monitoring: Challenges for the Future, J.R. Karr