How do we promote global economic development, while simultaneously preserving local biological and cultural diversity? This authoritative volume, written by leading legal experts and biological and social scientists from around the world, aims to address this question in all of its complexity. The first part of the book focuses on biodiversity and examines what we are losing, why and what is to be done. The second part addresses biotechnology and looks at whether it is part of the solution or part of the problem, or perhaps both. The third section examines traditional knowledge, explains what it is and how, if at all, it should be protected. The fourth and final part looks at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and offers practical lessons from the vast and diverse experiences of the contributors.
Table of Contents
Biodiversity, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge Protection: Law, Science and Practice * Part I: Biodiversity: What are We Losing and Why - And What is to be Done? * The Epic of Evolution and the Problem of Biodiversity Loss * Naturalizing Morality * Across the Apocalypse on Horseback: Biodiversity Loss and the Law * Impact of the Convention on Biological Diversity: The Lessons of Ten Years of Experience with Models for Equitable Sharing of Benefits * Biodiversity, Botanical Institutions and Benefit Sharing: Comments on the Impact of the Convention on Biological Diversity * The Link Between Biodiversity and Sustainable Development: Lessons from INBio�s Bioprospecting Programme in Costa Rica * On Biocultural Diversity from a Venezuelan Perspective: Tracing the Interrelationships Among Biodiversity, Culture Change and Legal Reforms * From the �Tragedy of the Commons� to the �Tragedy of the Commonplace�: Analysis and Synthesis through the Lens of Economic Theory * Part II: Biotechnology: Part of the Solution or Part of the Problem - Or Both? * Biodiversity, Biotechnology and the Environment * Principles Governing the Long-run Risks, Benefits and Costs of Agricultural Biotechnology * Costa Rica: Biodiversity and Biotechnology at the Crossroads * Biotechnology for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges * Biotechnology: Public-Private Partnerships and Intellectual Property Rights in the Context of Developing Countries * Agricultural Biotechnology and Developing Countries: The Public Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture (PIPRA) * Commentary on Agricultural Biotechnology * The Birth and Death of Traditional Knowledge: Paradoxical Effects of Biotechnology in India * Part III: Traditional Knowledge: What Is It and How, If At All, Should It Be Protected? * From the Shaman�s Hut to the Patent Office: A Road Under Construction * Traditional Knowledge: Lessons from the Past, Lessons for the Future * The Demise of �Common Heritage� and Protection for Traditional Agricultural Knowledge * Traditional Knowledge Protection in the African Region * The Conundrum of Creativity, Compensation and Conservation in India: How Can Intellectual Property Rights Help Grass-roots Innovators and Traditional Knowledge Holders? * Holder and User Perspectives in the Traditional Knowledge Debate: A European View * Part IV: Ethnobotany and Bioprospecting: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally * Politics, Culture and Governance in the Development of Prior Informed Consent and Negotiated Agreements with Indigenous Communities * Ethics and Practice in Ethnobiology: Analysis of the International Cooperative Biodiversity Group Project in Peru * Ethics and Practice in Ethnobiology: The Experience of the San Peoples of Southern Africa * Commentary on Biodiversity, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge Protection: A Private-sector Perspective * Answering the Call: Public Interest Intellectual Property Advisers (PIIPA) * Answering the Call: The Intellectual Property and Business Formation Legal Clinic at Washington University * Index