During the Pacific War the Japanese government used a wide range of methods to recruit workers for construction projects throughout the occupied territories. Mistreatment of workers was a major grievance, both in widely publicized cases such as the use of prisoners of war and forced Asian labor to construct the Thailand-Burma "Death" Railway, and in a very large number of smaller projects. In this book an international group of specialists on the Occupation period examine the labor needs and the recruitment and use of workers (whether forced, military, or otherwise) throughout the Japanese empire. This is the first study to look at Japanese labor policies comparatively across all the occupied territories of Asia during the war years. It also provides a graphic context for examining Japanese colonialism and relations between the Japanese and the people living in the various occupied territories.
Table of Contents
List of Maps, Photographs, Tables, and Figures; Preface, Paul H. Kratoska; Maps; Introduction, Paul H. Kratoska; List of Abbreviations; 1. Labor Mobilization in Japan and the Japanese Empire, Paul H. Kratoska; 2. Labor Policy and the Construction Industry in Manchukuo: Systems of Recruitment, Management, and Control, David Tucker; 3. Northern Chinese Laborers and Manchukuo, Ju Zhifen; 4. Japan's Korean Soldiers in the Pacific War, Utsumi Aiko; 5. Korean Forced Labor in Japan's Wartime Empire, Naitou Hisako; 6. Total War, Labor Drafts, and Colonial Administration: Wartime Mobilization in Taiwan, 1936-1945, Caroline Ts'ai Hui-yu; 7. "Economic Soldiers" in Java: Indonesian Laborers Mobilized for Agricultural Projects, Shigeru Sato; 8. The Construction of a Railway Line in West Java during the Japanese Occupation: The Road to Hell, Harry A. Poeze; 9. The Heiho during the Japanese Occupation of Indonesia, Kaori Maekawa; 10. Indonesian Romusha and Coolies under Naval Administration: The Eastern Archipelago, 1942-1945, Remco Raben; 11. End of a Forgotten Drama: The Reception and Repatriation of Romusha after the Japanese Capitulation, Henk Hovinga; 12. Labor in the Malay Peninsula and Singapore under Japanese Occupation, Paul H. Kratoska; 13. Malayan Labor on the Thailand-Burma Railway, Nakahara Michiko; 14. Labor Usage and Mobilization during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, 1942-1945, Ricardo T. Jose; 15. Working for the Japanese: Working for Vietnamese Independence, 1941-1945, Tran My-Van; 16. The Origin and Development of Military Sexual Slavery in Imperial Japan, Chin-Sung Chung; 17. History, Memory, Compensation, and Reconciliation: The Abuse of Labor along the Thailand-Burma Railway, E. Bruce Reynolds; About the Editor and Contributors; Index