Analytical Chemistry Refresher Manual provides a comprehensive refresher in techniques and methodology of modern analytical chemistry. Topics include sampling and sample preparation, solution preparation, and discussions of wet and instrumental methods of analysis; spectrometric techniques of UV, vis, and IR spectroscopy; NMR, mass spectrometry, and atomic spectrometry techniques; analytical separations, including liquid-liquid extraction, liquid-solid extraction, instrumental and non-instrumental chromatography, and electrophoresis; and basic theory and instrument design concepts of gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. The manual also covers automation, potentiometric and voltammetric techniques, and the detection and accounting of laboratory errors.
Analytical Chemistry Refresher Manual will benefit all laboratory workers, water and wastewater professionals, and academic researchers who are looking for a readable reference covering the fundamentals of modern analytical chemistry.
Table of Contents
Introduction to Analytical Chemistry: Importance of Analytical Chemistry. Precision vs. Accuracy. Terminology. Fundamentals of Measurement. Sampling and Planning. Basic Chemical Analysis Tools-Description and Use: Balances. Glassware. Reagents and Methods for Sample Preparation. Laboratory Safety. Solution Preparation: Dilution. Percent. Molarity and Formality. Normality. Parts Per Million/Billion. Buffer Solutions. Wet Methods and Applications: Gravimetric Analysis. Titrimetric Analysis. Examples of Real-World Titrimetric Analysis. Final Comments. Instrumental Methods-General Discussion: Instrumental Data and Readout. Methods for Quantitative Analysis. Effect of Sample Pretreatment on Calculations. Use of Computers. Molecular Spectroscopy: Names of Techniques and Instruments. UV/Vis Spectrophotometry. Infrared Spectrometry. Fluorometry. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Mass Spectrometry. Atomic Spectroscopy: Atomization. Excitation. Flame Photometry. Flame Atomic Absorption. Graphite Furnace and Other Atomizers. Inductively Coupled Plasma. Other Atomic Emission Techniques. Summary of Atomic Techniques. Analytical Separations: Recrystallization. Distillation. Liquid-Liquid Extraction. Liquid-Solid Extraction. Chromatography. Electrophoresis. Gas Chromatography: Instrument Design. Sample Injection. Columns. Other Variable Parameters. The Chromatogram. Detectors. Qualitative Analysis. Quantitative Analysis. Troubleshooting. High Performance Liquid Chromatography: Solvent Delivery. Sample Injection. Column Selection. The Chromatogram. Detectors. Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. Troubleshooting. Electroanalytical Methods: Potentiometry. Polarography and Voltammetry. Automation: Automatic Titrations. Segmented Flow Methods. Flow Injection Methods. Robotics. Data Handling and Error Analysis. Modern Data Handling. Introduction to Error Analysis. Terminology. Distribution of Random Errors. Student's t. Statistics in Quality Control. Assistance.
Each section contains an Introductory chapter.