Alternative Fuels and the Environment evaluates the timely issue of renewable, alternative resources to fossil fuels and nuclear energy, such as solar, anemoelectric, hydroelectric, and geothermal energy. These alternative power sources not only have the advantage of being renewable, but they are also economically attractive and have minimal adverse environmental impact, such as the waste emission of SO2, NOx, or greenhouse gases. This book analyzes the harnessing of the sun's energy by photochemical reactions, artificial photosynthesis, and photovoltaic electric power generation. It further discusses how hydrogen as fuel is produced by solar photoelectrolysis of water and how wind turbines generate electricity, while ocean thermal energy produces electric power and fresh water. Geothermal energy and hydroelectric power are also renewable sources of electricity. Biofuels and biomass are useful as energy sources, and surplus land is usable for woody, herbaceous, high-yield energy crop production. The book also investigates reformulated gasoline with oxygenated fuels, such as ethanol or methanol.
Table of Contents
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC): A Status Report on the Challenges, A.R. Trenka.
Geothermal Energy, M.J. Reed and J.L. Renner.
Total Fuel Cycle Emissions Analysis of Biomass-Ethanol Transportation Fuel, C.J. Riley and K.S. Tyson.
Organic Carbonyl Compounds in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Air, C.J. Popp, L. Zhang, and J.S. Gaffney.
The Effects of Oxygenated Fuels on the Atmospheric Concentrations of Carbon Monoxide and Aldehydes in Colorado, L.G. Anderson, P. Wolfe, R.A. Barrell, and J.A. Lanning.
Modeling the Effects of Alternative Fuels on Ozone in Ontario, Canada, R. McLaren, G. Paraskevopoulos, and D.L. Singleton.
Solar Photochemistry, J.S. Connolly.
Molecular Approaches to Artificial Photosynthesis, D. Gust, T.A. Moore, and A.L. Moore.
Photovoltaic Technology; Thin-Film High-Efficiency Devices, D. Ginley, K. Zweibel, and J. Benner.
Solar Processes for the Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals, D.M. Blake.
The Detoxification of Wastewater Streams Using Solar and Artificial UV Light Sources, J.R. Bolton, A. Safarzadeh-Amiri, S.R. Carter.
Photoelectrochemical Production of Hydrogen, A.J. Nozik.
Renewable Energy, Today and Tomorrow-An Overview, T.D. Bath.
Mitigation of Environmental Impacts at Hydroelectric Power Plants in the United States, G.F. Cada and J.E. Francfort.
An Overview of Wind Energy in the United States, R.G. Nix.
Assessing Renewable Energy Resources-Views Concerning the Federal Role, D.S. Renné.
A Real Wind Resource Assessment of the United States, M.N. Schwartz and D.L. Elliott.
The Biomass Resource Potential of Energy Crops, L.L. Wright, J.H. Cushman, and S.A. Martin.